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Slow Relaxations and Nonequilibrium Dynamics in Condensed Matter : Les Houches Session LXXVII, 1-26 July, 2002 :  Les Houches Session LXXVII, 1-26 July, 2002 - Jean-Louis Barrat

Slow Relaxations and Nonequilibrium Dynamics in Condensed Matter : Les Houches Session LXXVII, 1-26 July, 2002

Les Houches Session LXXVII, 1-26 July, 2002

By: Jean-Louis Barrat (Editor), Michail Victorovich Feigelman (Editor), Jorge Kurchan (Editor), Jean Dalibard (Editor)

Hardcover Published: January 2003
ISBN: 9783540401414
Number Of Pages: 769

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From the Contents: Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions.- Mechanical Aging and Non-Linear Rheology of Concentrated Colloidal Suspensions: Experimental Facts and Simple Models.- Structural Relaxation and Rheology of Soft Condensed Matter.- Granular Matter: Some Ideas from Statistical Physics.- Supercooled Liquids, the Glass Transition, and Computer Simulations.- Glasses, Replicas and all that.- Dynamics of Glassy Systems.- Equilibrium States and Dynamics of Equilibration: General Issues and Open Questions.- Experimental Analysis of Aging.- Fluctuation Dissipation Relation in a Non-Stationary System: Experimental Investigation in a Spin Glass.- Non-Equilibrium Dynamics and Aging in the Electron Glass.- Proteins: Structural, Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects.- Self-Organized Criticality in Granular Superconductors.- Hiking Through Glassy Phases: Physics Beyond Aging. Kinetically Constrained Models and Driven Systems with Slow Dynamics.- Dynamic Transitions in Thermal and Athermal Systems.

Lecturers
Participants
Preface
Preface
Contents
Nonequilibrium phase transitionsp. 1
Phase transitions far from equilibriump. 8
Where do the power-laws come from?p. 18
Distribution functions in nonequilibrium steady statesp. 24
Quantum phase transitionsp. 30
Outlookp. 37
Mechanical aging and non-linear rheology of concentrated colloidal suspensions : experimental facts and simple modelsp. 41
Experimental facts 1 : soft solids that flow and agep. 50
A class of simple modelsp. 54
Experimental facts 2 : soft solids that flow in a strange wayp. 61
Criticism of the model and perspectivesp. 67
Structural relaxation and rheology of soft condensed matterp. 75
Soft condensed matterp. 79
Rheologyp. 81
Linear rheologyp. 87
Linear viscoelasticity of polymersp. 92
Nonlinear rheology of polymersp. 95
Dumbing downp. 99
What rheologists wantp. 101
Rheology of soft glassesp. 102
The SGR modelp. 105
Rheological agingp. 111
Shear thickening and jammingp. 118
Rheological instability and oscillationp. 121
Rheochaosp. 124
More fundamental approachesp. 125
Granular media : some ideas from statistical physicsp. 131
The scalar model I : discrete versionp. 140
The scalar model II : continuous limit and perturbation theoryp. 144
Static indeterminacy; elasticity and isostaticityp. 155
A stress-only approach to granular mediap. 160
Experimental and numerical determination of the stress response functionp. 167
Force chains scattering I : weak disorder limitp. 168
Force chains scattering II : strong disorder limitp. 177
Statics of granular materials : concluding remarks and open questionsp. 182
Glassy dynamics of granular media : a brief surveyp. 184
Supercooled liquids, the glass transition, and computer simulationsp. 199
Supercooled liquids and the glass transition : important facts and conceptsp. 202
The mode-coupling theory of the glass transitionp. 217
Computer simulations of glass-forming systemsp. 230
The relaxation dynamics of glass-forming liquids as investigated by computer simulationsp. 239
Glasses, replicas and all thatp. 271
The random energy modelp. 281
Models with partially correlated energyp. 295
Complexityp. 310
Structural relationsp. 330
A short introduction to glassesp. 335
The replica approach to structural glasses : general formalismp. 337
The replica approach to structural glasses : some resultsp. 346
Dynamics of glassy systemsp. 367
Some physical systems out of equilibriump. 374
Theoretical approachp. 388
Systems in contact with environmentsp. 390
Observables and averagesp. 395
Time dependent probability distributionsp. 399
The fluctuation - dissipation theorem (FDT)p. 403
Dynamic generating functionalsp. 407
Dynamic equationsp. 416
Diagrammatic techniquesp. 432
Glassy dynamics : generic resultsp. 439
Solution to mean-field modelsp. 455
Modifications of FDT in physical systemsp. 469
Effective temperaturesp. 477
Metastable statesp. 487
Perspectivesp. 505
Generalized Langevin equationsp. 506
The Kubo formulap. 509
The response in a Langevin processp. 510
Grassmann variables and supersymmetryp. 510
Integrals in the aging regimep. 512
Equilibrium states and dynamics of equilibration : general issues and open questionsp. 523
Equilibrium statesp. 526
Dynamics and barriersp. 535
Spin glassesp. 541
Non-random systems : true glassesp. 549
Experimental analysis of agingp. 555
Aging, memory and rejuvenationp. 558
Effective temperature of an aging materialp. 575
Fluctuation dissipation relation in a non-stationary system : experimental investigation in a spin glassp. 605
Theoretical backgroundp. 608
Experimentalp. 609
Non-equilibrium dynamics and aging in the electron glassp. 623
The characteristics of the electron-glassp. 626
The role of the electron-election interactionp. 637
Proteins : structural, thermodynamic and kinetic aspectsp. 649
Overview of protein architectures and discussion of physical background of their natural selectionp. 651
Thermodynamic aspects of protein foldingp. 670
Kinetic aspects of protein foldingp. 685
Self-organized criticality in granular superconductorsp. 705
1D multijunction SQUID with random location of the junctionsp. 708
Single-junction SQUIDp. 710
1D sandpile modelp. 712
The simplified model of 1D multijunction SQUIDp. 713
Computer simulation resultsp. 715
Hiking through glassy phases : physics beyond agingp. 719
Experimental factsp. 723
Two mean-field theoretical approachesp. 727
Spatial approachesp. 728
Two experimentsp. 736
Kinetically constrained models and driven systems with slow dynamicsp. 743
The Fredrickson-Andersen modelp. 747
The Kob-Andersen modelp. 749
The ABC modelp. 751
Dynamic transitions in thermal and athermal systemsp. 755
Universal behavior of the force distribution?p. 758
Colloidal glasses and gelsp. 760
Jamming transitionsp. 763
Previous sessionsp. 767
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540401414
ISBN-10: 3540401415
Series: Les Houches - Ecole D'Ete de Physique Theorique
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 769
Published: January 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 4.29
Weight (kg): 1.3

Earn 927 Qantas Points
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