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Siva : The Erotic Ascetic - Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty

Paperback Published: 28th May 1981
ISBN: 9780195202502
Number Of Pages: 218

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Originally published under the title Asceticism and Eroticism in the Mythology of Siva, this book traces the development of an Indian approach to an enduring human dilemma: the conflict between spiritual aspirations and human desires. The work examines hundreds of related myths and a wide range of Indian texts--Vedic, Puranic, classical, modern, and tribal--centering on the stories of the great ascetic, Siva, and his erotic alter ego, Kama.

Industry Reviews

"Extremely useful as an entree into an otherwise practically incomprehensible collection of original texts."--Brannon M. Wheeler, Macalester College "A cause for celebration....A book that can be read for enjoyment, as well as enlightenment, by Indologists and laymen alike....One of the half-dozen most important studies of Indian religion and culture in modern times."--Journal of Asian Studies

List of Illustrationsp. xiii
Guide to Pronunciationp. xiv
Introduction: The Interpretation of Hindu Mythologyp. 1
The Challenge of Hindu Mythologyp. 1
The Central Paradox of Saiva Mythologyp. 4
The Resolution within the Textsp. 6
The Iconic Resolution of the Paradox: The Ithyphallic Yogip. 8
Problems and Methodsp. 11
Various Methods of Mythological Analysisp. 11
Variants and Multiformsp. 16
Motifs of Hindu Mythologyp. 21
Chart of Motifsp. 22
Explanation of Motifsp. 23
Interconnections between Motifsp. 27
The Saiva Cycle Analysed by Motifsp. 30
The Value of Motifs and Variantsp. 32
The Nature of Mythological Contradictionp. 33
The Equivalence of Oppositesp. 33
The Resolution of Mythological Contradictionsp. 35
The Failure to Resolve Mythological Contradictionsp. 36
The Irrational Solution: Bhaktip. 38
Asceticism and Eroticism in Early Indian Mythologyp. 40
The Importance of Chastity and Creative Tapasp. 40
The Seduction of the Ascetic by the Prostitute: Rsyasrngap. 42
Chastity and the Loss of Chastity: Agastyap. 52
The Erotic Powers of the Asceticp. 55
The Rejuvenation of the Ascetic: Cyavanap. 57
Sexual Pleasures as the Reward for Asceticism / the False Asceticp. 64
The Importance of Procreationp. 68
The Prajapati and His Ascetic Sonsp. 70
Narada and the Sons of Daksap. 74
The Two Forms of Immortalityp. 76
The Attempt to Reconcile the Householder and Ascetic in Societyp. 78
The Forest-Dweller: an Inadequate Compromisep. 79
The Vedic Antecedents of Sivap. 83
Rudra, God of Destructionp. 83
Indrap. 84
Indra as Phallic God of Fertilityp. 85
Indra versus the Asceticp. 87
Agni, the Erotic Firep. 90
Agni and the Pine Forest Sagesp. 93
The Seven Sages and their Wivesp. 98
Siva and Parvati as the Parents of Skandap. 103
The Golden Seed of Firep. 107
The Birth of Skanda and the Birth of the Marutsp. 108
Siva and Brahma: Opposition and Identityp. 111
Siva as Sexual Creatorp. 111
The Incest of Sivap. 112
Siva Opposes the Incest of Brahmap. 114
Brahma Versus Kamap. 117
Siva Versus Brahma at the Wedding of Sati/Parvatip. 121
The Beheading of Brahma by Sivap. 123
The Beheading of Daksa by Sivap. 128
The Castration of Sivap. 130
The Competition Between Siva and Brahmap. 136
The Complementarity of Brahma and Sivap. 138
Siva and Kamap. 141
The Chastity of Siva--and Its Contradictionp. 141
The Burning of Kama--and Its Reversalp. 143
The Lust of the Chastiser of Kamap. 145
The Victory of Kama Implicit in the Burning of Kamap. 148
The Seduction of Siva by Parvatip. 151
The Revival of Kama by Parvatip. 155
Kama Reborn as a Tree--Rebirth From Firep. 158
The Revived Kama's Power Over Sivap. 162
The Erotic Appeal of the Chastiser of Kamap. 164
Kama and Agni Transposedp. 166
The Partial Identity of Siva and Kamap. 169
Siva in the Pine Forestp. 172
Siva, the False Ascetic, Seducer of the Sages' Wivesp. 173
Siva, the Passive Ascetic, Unmoved by the Sages' Wivesp. 175
The Apparent Lust of the Ascetic Sivap. 178
The Destruction of the Sages' Powers by the Seduction of their Wivesp. 178
The Transference of the Sages' Powers to Siva: The Pasupata Cultp. 182
The Sexual Destruction of Demons by Sivap. 184
The Sexual Death of Adip. 186
The Death and Transfiguration of Andhakap. 190
The Enlightenment of the Pine Forest Sagesp. 192
Siva opposes the Forest-dwellers' kamap. 193
The Temptation of the Devotee by Godp. 196
Siva opposes the Forest-dwellers' tapasp. 199
The Balance: Santi and Linga-worshipp. 201
Enlightenment by Sexual Impersonationp. 204
Siva as Ascetic and Householderp. 210
Siva's Failure to Reconcile His Two Rolesp. 210
Siva's Trouble with his Parents-in-Lawp. 213
The House of the Ascetic Sivap. 218
Parvati's Conflict with the Unconventional, Ascetic Sivap. 221
The Quarrels of Siva and Parvatip. 224
The Adultery of Sivap. 226
The Reconciliation of Siva and Parvatip. 233
The Horrible and the Eroticp. 236
The Transformation of Siva's Ornamentsp. 238
Snakes and Nakednessp. 243
The Ashes of Sivap. 245
The Third Eyep. 247
Siva as Ascetic and House Holder: the Reconciliationp. 251
The Control and Transformation of Desirep. 255
Sexual Satiety: the Linga in the Yonip. 256
Yoga and Bhogap. 258
The Transformation of Desire by Self-Temptationp. 259
The Retention of the Seedp. 261
The Separation of Fertility and Eroticismp. 262
The Unnatural Creation of Siva's Sonp. 267
Creation by Blood, Sweat, and Tearsp. 271
The Drinking of the Seedp. 273
The Seed as Soma and Poisonp. 277
Food and Sexp. 279
The Control of Excessp. 282
The Distribution of Siva's Tejasp. 283
Siva as Fire Under Waterp. 286
Siva as the Submarine Marep. 289
Cycles of Asceticism and Sexualityp. 293
The Danger of Siva's Excessive Chastityp. 294
The Danger of Siva's Excessive Sexualityp. 296
The Interruption of Sexual Activityp. 302
Quiescence and Energyp. 310
Conclusion: the Pendulum of Extremesp. 314
Connections Between Episodes in the Saiva Cyclep. 319
Major Occurrences of the Main Episodesp. 321
Sanskrit Textsp. 321
Siva and Kamap. 321
The birth of Skandap. 321
The Pine Forestp. 322
Non-Sanskrit Textsp. 322
Glossaryp. 323
Bibliographyp. 326
Abbreviationsp. 326
Sanskrit Texts and Translationsp. 326
Secondary Sourcesp. 330
Bibliographic Notesp. 341
Index of Motifsp. 375
Index of Charactersp. 381
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195202502
ISBN-10: 0195202503
Series: Galaxy Books
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 218
Published: 28th May 1981
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.15 x 14.63  x 2.46
Weight (kg): 0.35

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