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Sign Levels : Language and Its Evolutionary Antecedents - David S. Clarke

Sign Levels

Language and Its Evolutionary Antecedents

Hardcover Published: 31st October 2003
ISBN: 9781402016509
Number Of Pages: 260

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Since the revolution in philosophic method that began about a century ago, the focus of philosophic attention has been on language as used both in daily conversation and in specialized institutional activities such as science, law, and the arts. But language is an extremely complex and varied means of communication, and the study of it has been increasingly incorporated into such empirical disciplines as linguistics, psycho linguistics, and cognitive psychology. It is becoming less clear what aspects of language remain as proper subjects of philosophical study, what are to be "kicked upstairs" (J. L. Austin's phrase) to the sciences. This work is a study of those logical features of language that remain central to philosophy after completion of kicking up. It conducts this study by describing similarities and differences between signs at differing levels, starting with natural events as primitive signs in the environments of their interpreters, and proceeding to pre- linguistic signaling systems, elementary forms of language, and finally to the forms of specialized discourse used within social institutions. The investiga- tion of comparative features requires isolating basic mental capacities that are present in the most primitive forms of organisms capable of sign interpretation. The problem then becomes one of tracing the emergence from these capacities of such categories as substance, attribute or quality, and quantity that we apply to natural languages. The study of sign levels is thus the construction of a genealogy of logical categories marking the develop- ment of natural languages.

Three Ideals Of Modern Philosophy
Simplicity and Certainty
Compositional Semantics
Simplicity and Comprehensiveness
The Methodology Of Semiotic
Primitiveness and Sign Levels
Semiotic and Semiotics
Necessary and Contingent Features
The Language Archetype
Grades of Involvement
Signs And Learning Theories
Conditioned Reflex and Instrumental Learning
Behavioral and Teleological Reductions
Awareness of Associationist Learning
Proto-Natsigns and Panpsychism
Communicative Intent And Conventionality
Comsigns and Signals
Transactional and Iconic Aspects
Regularities and Conventions
Proto-Language Sentences
Subjects and Predicates
Reference and Existence
Feature-Placing Sentences and Identification
Illocutionary Force and Avowals
Frames and Semantic Fields
Natural Language Discourse
Linking Expressions
Reference, Meaning Transfer, and Fiction
Inferences and Propositions
Quotation and Interpretation
Specialized Discourse
Writing and Institutional Specialization
Discourse Frames, Objects, and Existence
Discourse Relativity and Truth
Scientific Realism
Natural Kinds and Reference
Customs, Imperatives, and Laws
Applications To Metaphysics
Philosophy and Metaphysics
Identity and Functionalist Theories
Beliefs and Persons
Sign Level Comparisons and Metaphysics
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402016509
ISBN-10: 1402016506
Series: Philosophical Studies Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 260
Published: 31st October 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 17.0  x 2.03
Weight (kg): 1.25

Earn 519 Qantas Points
on this Book