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Sexual Conflict : Monographs in Behavior and Ecology - Goran Arnqvist

Sexual Conflict

Monographs in Behavior and Ecology

Paperback

Published: 25th July 2005
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The past decade has seen a profound change in the scientific understanding of reproduction. The traditional view of reproduction as a joint venture undertaken by two individuals, aimed at replicating their common genome, is being challenged by a growing body of evidence showing that the evolutionary interests of interacting males and females diverge. This book demonstrates that, despite a shared genome, conflicts between interacting males and females are ubiquitous, and that selection in the two sexes is continuously pulling this genome in opposite directions. These conflicts drive the evolution of a great variety of those traits that distinguish the sexes and also contribute to the diversification of lineages. Goran Arnqvist and Locke Rowe present an array of evidence for sexual conflict throughout nature, and they set these conflicts into the well-established theoretical framework of sexual selection.

The recognition of conflict between the sexes is transforming our theories for the evolution of mating systems and the sexes themselves. Written by two top researchers in the field, "Sexual Conflict" is the first book to describe this transformation. It is a must read for all scholars and students interested in the evolutionary biology of reproduction.

"Sexual Conflict offers an alternative interpretation of the idea of co-operation between males and females... [It] provides a convincing account of an antagonistic relationship driving evolution. It sets out to illustrate the ubiquitous nature of sexual conflict and persuasively presents the evidence for this, concluding that traditional views of peaceful co-operation are perhaps not as accurate as once believed."--Helen L. Kroening, Biologist

Prefacep. xi
Sexual Conflict in Naturep. 1
Evolving Views of Sex and Reproductionp. 2
Sexually Antagonistic Selection and Sexual Conflictp. 6
Intralocus Sexual Conflictp. 7
Interlocus Sexual Conflictp. 10
Aims and Scopep. 11
Sexual Selection and Sexual Conflict: History, Theory, and Empirical Avenuesp. 14
Darwin's Views on Sexual Selectionp. 14
The Fisher Processp. 18
Indicator, or Good Genes, Mechanismsp. 22
The Male Traitp. 25
Direct Benefitsp. 26
Preexisting Biases and the Origin of the Preferencep. 27
Sexual Conflictp. 29
Parker's Initial Models of Sexual Conflictp. 30
Genetic Modelsp. 31
Phenotype-Dependent and Phenotype-Independent Costsp. 34
Nonequilibrium Modelsp. 35
Sexual Conflict Set in the Framework of Sexual Selectionp. 35
The Roles of the Sexes in Sexual Conflictp. 38
Empirical Approaches to the Study of Sexual Conflictp. 40
Sexual Conflict Prior to Matingp. 44
The Economy of Mating and the Evolution of Resistancep. 45
Direct Costs of Matingp. 45
Costs of Low Mate Qualityp. 46
Costs of Resisting Matingp. 47
Costs to Females as a Side Effect of Male-Male Competitionp. 48
Sexual Conflict and the Evolution of Sexual Cannibalism by Femalesp. 50
Sexual Conflict and the Evolution of Infanticide by Malesp. 53
Adaptations for Persistence and Resistancep. 55
Harassment and Resistancep. 57
Grasping Traitsp. 60
Antigrasping Traits and Other Forms of Resistancep. 68
Exploitation of Sensory Biasesp. 71
Convenience Polyandryp. 77
Sexual Conflict and Sexual Selectionp. 78
Mate "Screening" and Other Alternative Explanations for Resistance Traitsp. 80
Case Studies in Sexually Antagonistic Coevolutionp. 83
Diving Beetlesp. 83
Water Stridersp. 84
Bedbugsp. 87
Sexual Conflict after Matingp. 92
Female Reproductive Effort and the Conflicting Interests of the Sexesp. 96
Seminal Substances with Gonadotropic Effectsp. 97
Nuptial Feedingp. 102
Male Display Traitsp. 103
Female Mating Behavior, Sperm Competition, and the Conflicting Interests of the Sexesp. 106
Male Defensive Adaptations and Sexual Conflictp. 107
Costs of Delaying Remating in Femalesp. 111
Female Costs as Side Effectsp. 116
Female Costs as a Direct Target of Male Strategiesp. 118
Male Offensive Adaptations and Sexual Conflictp. 121
Sperm Competition and Aggressive Ejaculatesp. 121
Direct Costs, Polyspermy, and Female Infertilityp. 122
Indirect Costs and Deleterious Matingsp. 128
Conflicts over Cryptic Female Choicep. 129
Conflicts over the Duration of Matingp. 132
Male and Female Adaptationsp. 135
Postmating Conflicts and Male-Female Coevolutionp. 139
Elaborated Male Ejaculates: Nuptial Gifts or Medea Gifts?p. 140
Are Male Postmating Adaptations Costly to Females?p. 146
It Takes Two to Tango: Sexually Antagonistic Coevolution in Fruit Fliesp. 149
Parental Care and Sexual Conflictp. 156
The Basic Conflictp. 156
Mate Desertionp. 158
Conflict over Care and Desertion in Uniparental Speciesp. 158
Never Trust a Penduline Tit!p. 160
"Partial" Mate Desertion and Sexual Conflict over the Mating System in Biparental Speciesp. 164
Sexual Conflict over the Relative Amount of Care in Biparental Monogamous Speciesp. 170
The Dunnock: Family Life in Cambridge University Botanic Gardenp. 174
Other Implications of Sexual Conflictp. 179
The Evolution of Genomic Imprintingp. 179
Sexual Conflict, Sex Ratios, and Sex Allocationp. 183
Dueling Worms and Stabbing Snails: Sexual Conflict within Hermaphroditesp. 185
Premating Conflict in Hermaphroditesp. 187
Postmating Conflict in Hermaphroditesp. 190
Sexual Selection and Antagonistic Coevolution in Hermaphroditesp. 192
The Love Dart in Snails-A Shot at Paternity?p. 196
Sexual Conflict in Plantsp. 200
Sexual Conflict, Speciation, and Extinctionp. 203
Sexual Conflict as an Engine of Evolutionary Divergencep. 207
Population Crosses-Inferring Process from Patternp. 210
Sexual Conflict and Sex Chromosomesp. 212
Concepts and Levels of Sexual Conflictp. 216
Levels of Analysisp. 216
Resolution of Sexual Conflictp. 219
Winners and Losers of Sexual Conflict?p. 220
Sexual Conflict over the Control of Interactionsp. 222
The Intensity of Sexual Conflictp. 223
Sexual Conflict over Mate Choicep. 224
Concluding Remarksp. 226
Referencesp. 229
Author Indexp. 305
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691122182
ISBN-10: 0691122180
Series: Monographs in Behavior and Ecology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 352
Published: 25th July 2005
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.2  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.48