The geography of services is no longer of local or national significance: it now embraces the international stage. Service industries have enabled, and themselves become participants in, world trade. Although this is not a new role, during the 1980s they have become a much more active ingredient in the process of social and economic change.
New and diversified service products have generated increased consumption, ranging from tourism and leisure, to sophisticated innovations in ways of making finance capital available for corporate growth or production strategies. But there are spatial variations between the world's nations, regions and cities that ensure a highly uneven ability to supply services, and to generate demand. There are contrasts between the developed, less-developed, and post-socialist economies of Eastern Europe, for example, and between major metropolitan areas around the globe in the extent to which they experience the positive (as well as negative) effects of the internationalization of the service economy.
This book examines some explanations for the expanding role of services in the world economy. It is suggested that the resulting patterns are particularly significant for the form and function of the global urban system. The book concludes by reflecting on the future role of services in the world economy: can the trends evident for the 1980s be assumed to shape the evolving geography of services during the 1990s and beyond?
"The book's value lies in its wide-sweeping survey of what is known
about the entire field... a very useinformative book that can serve
as a text for economic geographers, but which also deserves to be
read by those with international interests from other disciplines.
His work demonstrates that economic geographers have much to
contribute in this area, especially in their handling and analysis
of the data on international services." Service Industries
"The book's value lies in its wide-sweeping survey of what is
known about the entire field... a very useful classroom tool for
those concerned with exposing students to a critical area of
investigation that remains under-researched." Journal of
1. The Rise of Services: Some Factual and Theoretical Perspectives.
Services: Definition and Classification.
The Recent Expansion of Services.
Explanations for Growth.
Understatement of Role of Services.
2. The Tradability of Services.
TRadable and Non-Tradable Services.
Information Technology and Tradability of Services.
Transport Technology and the Tradability of Services.
Service Multinationals and the Tradability of Services.
Case Studies of the Development of Service MNE'S.
Government Influences on the Tradability of Services.
Changes in Consumer Requirements and Expectations.
3. International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in
Measuring Trade in Services.
An Outline of Global Trade in Services.
The Role of Comparative Advantage.
Foreign Direct Investment in Services.
International Trade in Services and the Developing
Developing Country Service MNE's.
Eastern Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States and
International Trade in Services.
Liberalizing International Trade in Services.
4. Services and the Global System of Cities.
Services and the Global Urban System: Some Explanations.
Services and Cities in the Global Urban System.
Services and the Global Urban System: Some Examples.
5. Internationalization of Services and Restructuring of
Services and Employment Restructuring in Large Metropolitan
Areas: Some Comparisons.
Impacts on the Urban Property Market: Offices.
Changes in the Location of Services Within Cities.
6. Services in the World Economy: Some Reflections.
Services in the 1990s: Victims of the Decade of Optimism?.
Service-Dominated Economies: How Desirable?.
Is the Globalization of Services inevitable?.
Unfulfilled Potential of Telecommunications?.