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Selfhood and Sacrifice : Rene Girard and Charles Taylor on the Crisis of Modernity - Andrew O'Shea

Selfhood and Sacrifice

Rene Girard and Charles Taylor on the Crisis of Modernity

Hardcover

Published: 8th June 2010
For Ages: 22+ years old
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Selfhood and Sacrifice is an original exploration of the ideas of two major contemporary thinkers. O'Shea offers a novel interpretation of Girard's work that opens up his discourse on violence and the sacred into a fruitful engagement with both Taylor's philosophical anthropology and his philosophical history. In an age when religious violence and the role of practical reason in the secular sphere are continually juxtaposed, O'Shea offers new possibilities of responding to the problems of global crisis through the critical lenses of two of the most original and engaging thinkers writing on religion today.

"This is an informative and intelligent discussion of two significant contemporary thinkers, both of whom have offered provocative interpretations of modernity and the continued importance of religion in a culture that prides itself on its secular character. In a thoughtful and engaging way Andrew O'Shea moderates a conversation between these two thinkers. His moderation is fair-minded to both thinkers, even when he is critical, and even when finally he finds himself siding more with Taylor's affirmation of modernity. Among the excellences of his book is its focused explication of the interrelated themes of selfhood and sacrifice as they bear on the contested issue of the sacred." -- William Desmond, Professor in the Centre for Metaphysics and Modern Philosophy, The Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium"

Acknowledgementsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
From Self to Sacrifice: Girardian Theory
Division and Unity in Literary Space: The Romantic Fallacyp. 27
Introductionp. 27
Debunking the Modern Subjectp. 29
Self and Other in Literary Structurep. 34
Fusion and Separation: The Futility of the Romantic Spiritp. 38
Underground Psychology: Dostoevsky's 'The Double'p. 42
The Romantic Lie, and the Historical Struggle for Consciousnessp. 44
Failure to Gather: 'The Dostoyevskian Apocalypse'p. 50
Authentic and Inauthentic Unity: Novelistic Conclusionsp. 53
Conclusion: The Spiritual and the Literaryp. 58
Division and Unity in Cultural Space: The Scapegoat Mechanismp. 62
Introductionp. 62
De-differentiation: The Link between Self and Sacrificep. 65
Some Characteristics of Violent Reciprocityp. 68
Shakespeare's 'Mimetic Theory': The World as Stagep. 70
Violence and Scapegoating: From Crisis to Resolutionp. 74
Mimesis and the Monstrous Doublep. 79
Bringing Together All Rites: The Janus Face of the Sacredp. 81
Beyond Structuralism: Representation and Real Violencep. 84
Conclusion: Reading Back Inp. 89
Negatings Subjectivity and History: Problems Within Girardian Theoryp. 94
Introductionp. 94
Explaining Cultural Space by Reference to Literary Spacep. 97
History as Negating Negativity: The Legacy of Alexandre Kojèvep. 102
Interdividual Psychology: A Loss of Positive Inferiority?p. 108
'The Death of Desire': Mimesis and the World as Willp. 114
Dostoevsky's Conscious Attack on Rationalismp. 120
Conclusion: Beyond Literary Spacep. 125
From Sacrifice to Self: Taylor's Philosophical Account
The Early Modern Period: Transposing the Old Cosmic Orderp. 131
Introductionp. 131
Taylor's St. Augustine: 'In Interiore Homine'p. 135
Disengaged Reason and the Affirmation of Ordinary Lifep. 143
Right Use, Right Order: Innerworldly Asceticismp. 149
Deism and the New Providential Order: Re-marking Differencep. 154
Conclusion: 'Self-Love and Social'p. 158
Rethinking Division and Unity: Subjectivity, Religion and the Current of Lifep. 161
Introductionp. 161
Sentiments and the Voice of Naturep. 164
Expression and Originality: Combining Two Views of Naturep. 170
'Self-divinisation' or the Demands of Expression?p. 178
Religion and the History of Divisionp. 183
Division and the Unity of Life: 'Unanimity Plus One'p. 188
Conclusion: A Post-Romantic Visionp. 193
Crisis and Unity in Moral Space: Identity and the Goodp. 198
Introductionp. 198
Moral Space: Strong Value, Identity and Gaining Orientationp. 203
Disenchantment: Modern Crisis, and Being Lost in Moral Spacep. 208
'Conclusions' in Moral Space: Craving, and the Unity of a Selfp. 216
Taylor's Dostoevsky: Positive and Negative Mediationp. 222
Conclusion: The Best Account Possiblep. 226
Epiloguep. 232
Bibliographyp. 259
Index to Part Ip. 269
Index to Part IIp. 274
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781441118820
ISBN-10: 1441118829
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 8th June 2010
Publisher: Continuum Publishing Corporation
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.0
Weight (kg): 0.6
Edition Number: 1