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Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change : Nato ASI Subseries I: - J.S. Clark

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change

Nato ASI Subseries I:

By: J.S. Clark (Editor), H. Cachier (Editor), J. G. Goldammer (Editor), B.J. Stocks (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 20th February 1997
ISBN: 9783540624349
Number Of Pages: 492

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Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years.
Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

List of Participants
Acknowledgments
An Introduction to Sediment Records of Biomass Burningp. 1
Proposed Bio-Geological and Chemical Based Terminology for Fire-Altered Plant Matterp. 9
Background and Local Charcoal in Sediments: Scales of Fire Evidence in the Paleorecordp. 23
Reconstruction of Paleo-Fire Through Climate and Eco-System Modelsp. 49
The Culture of Fire: An Introduction to Anthropogenic Fire Historyp. 71
Characterization of Particulate Products of Biomass Combustionp. 117
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sedimentary Records of Biomass Burningp. 145
Biomass Consumption and Behavior of Wildland Fires in Boreal, Temperate, and Tropical Ecosystems: Parameters Necessary to Interpret Historic Fire Regimes and Future Fire Scenariosp. 169
Biomass Burning Emissions and the Atmospherep. 189
Atmospheric Transports of Particulate and Gaseous Products by Firesp. 207
Pre-Quaternary Records of Wildfirep. 253
Marine Sediments: A Reservoir for Black Carbon and Their Use as Spatial and Temporal Records of Combustionp. 271
Reconstructing Environmental Impacts of Fire from the Holocene Sedimentary Recordp. 295
The Sedimentary Record of Fire in Montane Meadows, Sierre Nevada, California, USA: a Preliminary Assessmentp. 313
Late Quaternary Climate, Fire, and Vegetation Dynamicsp. 329
Holocene Records of Fire from the Boreal and Temperate Zones of Europep. 347
Controls on Charcoal Distribution in Lake Sediments: Case Studies from Yellowstone National Park and Northwestern Minnesotap. 367
Reconstruction of Fire Disturbance and Forest Succession from Fossil Pollen in Lake Sediments: Potential and Limitationsp. 387
The Contribution of Humans to Past Biomass Burning in the Tropicsp. 413
Lake Sediment Records of Fossil Fuel-Derived Carbonaceous Aerosols from Combustionp. 443
Report of the Working Discussion Groupsp. 463
Cooperation of the Paleofire Science Community with Interdisciplinary Fire Research Programsp. 483
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540624349
ISBN-10: 3540624341
Series: Nato ASI Subseries I:
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 492
Published: 20th February 1997
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.95