The security of energy supplies is important to modern societies if they are to avoid shortages and maintain stable prices. In terms of natural gas supplies, this confers strategic importance on having more than one supplier and more than one transport route. This strategic requirement has implications for political issues, international law, economics, and science and technology. This volume discusses the transport and handling of natural gas from remote regions and pipelines routed through third-party - transit - countries. Strategic reserves and the broad issue of energy management are also considered. Since pipelines are vulnerable to sabotage and terrorists activity, the social and political stability of the countries through which the pipelines pass are obviously key issues. It is thus mandatory that the transit countries can use their compensation payments to improve their social stability. The book paints the issues with a broad brush and represents a key information resource on science, technology, strategic and geopolitical issues, and key opportunities related to reservoir geology and cryogenic research.
Preface. Introduction. I: Current Status of Producer Countries and Pre-determining for the Transit of Natural Gas. Prospects of the Caspian Natural Gas Supply to Europe and Probable Impact on the Energy Security of Transit Countries; T. Gochitashvili. Power System Situation Autumn-Winter 2002-2003 and Aspects of Energy Security in Georgia; J. Coker. Current Status of Natural Gas Sector - Investigation and Strategies for Security of Supplies in Azerbaijan; G. Abdullayev. Italian Experience Pertaining to Natural Gas in Transportation and Development: Rationale for the Italian Involvement in a Transit Country - Monitoring and Protection of Gasline. An Italian-Georgian Collaboration; M. Piccolo. II: Modern Technologies. State of the Art in Liquefaction Technologies for Natural Gas - How to Provide LNG that Fits to the Needs of Transit Countries; E. Brendeng, J. Hetland. On the Relevance of Integrating LNG with the Energy Supply Systems of Transit Countries - LNG Chains and Storage Facilities; E. Brendeng, J. Hetland. Russian Gas Supply and Some Prospects of Small-Scale LNG Units - Estimates in a Nutshell; V. Feygin, Y. Rykov. III: Strategic Reserves and Geological Survey. Up-to-Date Research and Future Trends in Underground Gas Storage Facilities: A State of the Art Review; F. Fabret. Underground Gas Storage in Georgia - Geological, Technical and Economic Aspects; M. Christensen, et al. Underground Gas Storage: Planning and Modeling with SimSim, a New Reservoir Engineering Software Tool; A. Giliz, F. Pach. Assessment Studies for Creation of Underground Gas Storage Facilities in Georgia; D. Rogava. Geotechnical Survey Optimisation for Pipeline Construction in High Mountainous Regions; O. Kutsnashvili, I. Kutsnashvili. IV: Economics, Legislative Aspects of Gas Transport and Geopolitics. Prospects for Gas Supply and Demand and their Implication with Reference to Transit Countries and their Policy; B. Nitzov. Impacts of the European Gas Directive on Gas Exporters - Recent Experiences with the New Norwegian Regulatory Regime for Accessing the Natural Gas Transportation System; H.J. Dahl, et al. The Impediments to Establish an Energy-Regime in Caucasus; G. Bacik, B. Aras. Some Aspects of Gas Supply Security of Georgia; L. Jervalidze. V: Other Aspects of Pipeline Transportation. Fossil Fuels Long Distance Pipeline Transport; P. Vlasac, et al. Logical Basis, Logistics and Architecture of Modular Systems - Technology for Natural Gas Supply Chains Design and Engineering; M. Kervalishvili, et al. Some Reliability Aspects Pertaining to Gas Main Pipelines; L. Makharadze, et al. VI: Recommendation and Conclusions. Co-directors' Summary of Conclusions and Policy Requirements. List of ARW Participants. Units and Abbreviations. Technical and Physical Units. Abbreviations. Index.
Series: NATO Science Series II
Number Of Pages: 419
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5
Weight (kg): 0.68