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Security of Natural Gas Supply through Transit Countries : NATO Science Series II - Jens Hetland

Security of Natural Gas Supply through Transit Countries

NATO Science Series II

By: Jens Hetland (Editor), Teimuraz Gochitashvili (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 29th June 2004
ISBN: 9781402020766
Number Of Pages: 419

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Jens HETLAND & Teimuraz GOCHITASHVILI In contrast to oil, natural gas is usually routed through pipeline systems stretched from the wellhead to the end-user - although liquefied natural gas (LNG) is gaining increased interest; the commercialisation of natural gas fields is inherently linked to rigid transportation systems that require huge investments in tangible assets fixed to specific locations; the supply of natural gas is constrained by the transportation system, and requires access to appropriate infrastructure for transport and distribution; the trading of natural gas is traditionally associated with long-term contracts, albeit the duration per se of gas transport contracts appears to be less important after the deregulation of the energy markets. As diversification is strategically important to modern societies, the security of energy supplies becomes an inherent issue. In order to avoid situations of shortage, and to keep the price level stable, industrial nations are paying attention to the security of energy supplies. In brief terms this means that having more than one supplier of natural gas and more than one transport route would be strategically important. This also affects political issues and international law and regulations, economics, science and technology. The purpose of this book is to address opportunities extended from science and research pertaining to the exploitation and international trading of natural gas that involves transit countries. This especially relates to the transport and handling of gas from remote regions and pipelines that are

Prospects of the Caspian natural gas supply to Europe and probable impact on the energy security of transit countriesp. 3
Power system situation autumn-winter 2004-2003 and aspects of energy security in Georgiap. 37
Current status of natural gas sector - investigations and strategies for security of supplies in Azerbaijanp. 47
Italian experience pertaining to natural gas in transportation and development; rationale for the Italian involvement in a transit country - monitoring and protection of gasline : an Italian-Georgian collaborationp. 61
State of the art in liquefaction technologies for natural gas - ways of providing LNG for transit countriesp. 75
On the relevance of integrating LNG with the energy supply systems of transit countries - LNG chains and storage facilitiesp. 103
Russian gas supply and some prospects of small scale LNG units - estimates in a nutshellp. 135
Up-to-date researches and future trends in underground gas storage facilities : a state of the art reviewp. 159
Underground gas storage in Georgia - geological, technical and economic aspectsp. 195
Underground gas storage : planning and modeling with SimSim, a new reservoir engineering software toolp. 227
Assessment studies for creation of underground gas storage facilities in Georgiap. 237
Geotechnical survey optimization for pipeline construction in high mountainous regionsp. 247
Prospects for gas supply and demand and their implication with reference to transit countries and their policyp. 273
Impacts on the European gas directive on gas exporters - recent experiences with the new Norwegian regulatory regime for accessing the natural gas transportation systemp. 307
The impediments to establish an energy-regime in Caucasiap. 343
Gazprom in Georgia - some aspects of gas supply securityp. 355
Fossil fuels long distance pipeline transportp. 371
Logical basis, logistics and architecture of modular systems - technology for natural gas supply chains design and engineeringp. 383
Some reliability aspects pertaining to gas main pipelinesp. 393
Co-directors summary of conclusions and policy recommendationsp. 407
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402020766
ISBN-10: 1402020767
Series: NATO Science Series II
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 419
Published: 29th June 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.75