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Secondary Surveillance Radar : Artech House Radar Library (Hardcover) - Michael C. Stevens

Secondary Surveillance Radar

Artech House Radar Library (Hardcover)

Hardcover Published: 19th March 1988
ISBN: 9780890062920
Number Of Pages: 316

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Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Referencesp. 6
Historyp. 7
Referencesp. 18
Principles of Operationp. 21
The secondary surveillance radar systemp. 21
Antenna characteristicsp. 21
Interrogation signalsp. 23
Reply signalsp. 24
System problemsp. 26
Monopulsep. 31
Specifications and standardsp. 34
Typical ground equipment performance specificationp. 35
Referencesp. 37
Ground Antenna Systemsp. 39
Horizontal characteristicsp. 39
Interrogate (sum) beamp. 40
Control beamp. 40
Difference beamp. 42
Vertical characteristicsp. 44
Vertical tilt anglep. 47
Gain at high anglesp. 47
Changes in the horizontal characteristics with elevationp. 48
Backlobep. 49
Radio frequency switchp. 51
Rotating jointp. 52
Radio frequency cablesp. 54
Colocating with primary radarp. 55
Top mountingp. 55
Back mountingp. 56
Back-to-back mountingp. 57
Integrated feed systemsp. 57
Radomesp. 58
Referencesp. 65
Interrogatorsp. 67
Mode generatorp. 67
Mode interlace programsp. 67
Transmitter pulse specificationsp. 68
Interrogator repetition frequencyp. 69
Use of a radio frequency switchp. 69
Triggers for external usep. 70
Transmitterp. 71
Frequency controlp. 71
Modulationp. 72
Power output stagep. 73
Transmitter sideband spectrum and output filteringp. 79
Standard receiverp. 80
Receiver sensitivityp. 80
Receiver bandwidthp. 81
Pulse detectionp. 84
Gain-time controlp. 87
Receiver sidelobe suppressionp. 88
Monopulse receiversp. 90
Principlesp. 90
Amplitude processingp. 99
Phase processingp. 103
Typical resultsp. 106
Referencesp. 106
Sliding Window Plot Extractionp. 109
Reply decoderp. 110
Pulse detectionp. 110
Bracket detectionp. 111
Code extractionp. 113
Special military repliesp. 113
Mode determination and range measurementp. 114
Defruitingp. 114
Target detection and position measurementp. 115
Shortcomings of the sliding window plot extractorp. 117
Monopulse Plot Extractionp. 119
Summaryp. 119
Reply processingp. 122
Interrogation mode detectionp. 123
Pulse leading edge detectionp. 123
Pulse trailing edge detectionp. 124
Bracket detectionp. 126
Code pulse position timingp. 126
Definition of garbling replies and interleaved repliesp. 126
Phantom repliesp. 127
Special military repliesp. 127
Mode S preamble detectionp. 128
Pulse samplingp. 129
Reply reference selectionp. 130
Reply decodingp. 130
Low amplitude pulsesp. 134
Monopulse azimuth datap. 135
C2-SPI phantom detection and rejectionp. 136
Reply-to-reply processingp. 136
Initial processingp. 136
Reply-to-reply correlationp. 139
Raw target report declarationp. 141
Surveillance processingp. 142
Summaryp. 142
Discrete code correlationp. 143
General associationp. 143
General correlationp. 146
Track initiationp. 147
Target report updatep. 147
Typical performance resultsp. 149
Track updatep. 151
Track coasting and droppingp. 153
False target processingp. 155
Initial conditionsp. 156
False target testsp. 156
Track statusp. 159
Determination of reflecting surfacesp. 160
Plot combination with primary radar target reportsp. 161
Referencesp. 163
Transpondersp. 165
Transponder specification documentsp. 165
Receiver sensitivityp. 166
Reply delay and jitterp. 167
Reply suppressionp. 167
Reply transmitter powerp. 167
Random trigger ratep. 168
Replies to Mode C interrogationsp. 168
Dual-antenna installationsp. 168
Airborne antenna patternsp. 170
Conformance to specificationsp. 170
Reply frequencyp. 171
Transmitter power and receiver sensitivityp. 171
Pulse widthsp. 171
Reply pulse errorsp. 175
Suppression characteristicsp. 175
Reply delayp. 176
Need for transponder performance reportingp. 177
Referencesp. 178
Multipath and Interferencep. 179
Multipathp. 180
Multipath signals in the same vertical planep. 180
Small horizontal angle between multipath signalsp. 190
Large horizontal angle between multipath signalsp. 199
Example using an improved antennap. 202
Types of interferencep. 205
Unwanted signalsp. 205
Loss of wanted signalsp. 209
Referencesp. 211
System Designp. 213
The radar equation as applied to secondary surveillance radarp. 213
Uplink and downlink power budgetsp. 218
Uplinkp. 219
Downlinkp. 220
Reply and detection probabilitiesp. 222
Transponder reply probabilityp. 222
Detection probabilityp. 222
Transmitter pulse repetition frequencyp. 223
Bearing accuracyp. 224
Sliding windowp. 224
Monopulsep. 226
Antenna heightp. 233
Cross-coupling between primary radar and secondary surveillance radarp. 234
Referencesp. 235
Performance Measurement and Monitoringp. 237
Performance measurementp. 237
Target detectionp. 237
Track jitterp. 238
Performance monitoringp. 243
Site monitorp. 243
Fault detection and isolationp. 244
Antenna pattern measurementp. 246
Model of the secondary surveillance radar environmentp. 246
Referencesp. 250
Mode Sp. 251
Reason for developmentp. 251
Interrogation formatsp. 252
Reply formatp. 257
Parity and addressp. 258
Interrogation typesp. 261
Surveillance interrogationp. 261
Comm-A interrogationp. 264
Comm-C interrogationp. 264
All-call interrogationp. 265
Broadcast interrogationp. 266
Reply typesp. 267
Surveillance replyp. 268
Comm-B replyp. 269
Comm-D replyp. 271
All-call repliesp. 272
Applications of the data linkp. 273
The open systems interconnection modelp. 274
Referencesp. 275
Traffic Advisory and Collision Avoidance Systemp. 277
Identification of intruding aircraftp. 278
Whisper-shout interrogationp. 278
Directional interrogationp. 279
Mode C All-call interrogationp. 279
Track initiation and maintenancep. 280
Threat traffic and resolution advisoriesp. 280
Coordination with ground air traffic controlp. 282
Sensitivity level controlp. 283
TCAS IIIp. 285
Referencesp. 285
Glossary of termsp. 287
Indexp. 295
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890062920
ISBN-10: 0890062927
Series: Artech House Radar Library (Hardcover)
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 316
Published: 19th March 1988
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.65