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Second Nature : Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals - David J. Shepherdson

Second Nature

Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals

By: David J. Shepherdson (Editor), Jill D. Mellen (Editor), Michael Hutchins (Editor), Terry Maple (Foreword by)

Paperback Published: 1st August 1999
ISBN: 9781560983972
Number Of Pages: 350

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Growing recognition of the complexity of animals' physical, social, and psychological lives in the wild has led both zookeepers and the zoo-going public to call for higher environmental standards for animals in captivity.

Bringing together the work of animal behaviorists, zoo biologists, and psychologists, Second Nature explores a range of innovative strategies for environmental enrichment in laboratories and marine parks, as well as in zoos. From artificial fleeing-prey devices for leopards to irregular feeding schedules for whales, the practices discussed have resulted in healthier, more relaxed animals that can breed more easily and can exert some control over their environments. Moving beyond the usual studies of primates to consider the requirements of animals as diverse as reptiles, amphibians, marine mammals, small cats, hooved grazers, and bears, contributors argue that whether an animal forages in the wild or plays computer games in captivity, the satisfaction its activity provides—rather than the activity itself—determines the animal's level of physical and psychological well-being.

Second Nature also discusses the ways in which environmental enrichment can help zoo-bred animals develop the stamina and adaptability for survival in the wild, and how it can produce healthier lab animals that yield more valid test results. Providing a theoretical framework for the science of environmental enrichment in a variety of settings, the book renews and extends a humane approach to the keeping and conservation of animals.

"An important volume for those concerned with animal care, captive maintenance, and the ethics of issues surrounding the maintenance of animals in artificial environments. . . . [It offers] a fascinating overview of how far the discipline of applied animal behavior has advanced in the last twenty years."--Quarterly Review of Biology "[This] book is . . . the first to provide a theoretical framework for a science of environmental enrichment. This is still a very young science and much remains to be done. But Second Nature provides an informative introduction, as well as offering some pointers to future developments."--International Zoo News

"Second Nature is a gold mine of information. . . . The editors are leaders in the field and the thirty-eight contributors represent an all-star cast. An excellent book and a must-read."--BioScience

"This important volume will be of interest to every zoo fan and animal-behavior enthusiast, as well as those concerned with animal welfare."--Booklist

List of Contributorsp. viii
Forewordp. xii
Prefacep. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
Introduction: Tracing the Path of Environmental Enrichment in Zoosp. 1
Theoretical Bases of Environmental Enrichment
Evolution, Ecology, and Enrichment: Basic Considerations for Wild Animals in Zoosp. 15
Environmental Enrichment and the Importance of Exploratory Behaviorp. 30
Power for Captive Animals: Contingencies and Naturep. 47
Context, Ethics, and Environmental Enrichment in Zoos and Aquariumsp. 59
Meeting a Mammal's Psychological Needs: Basic Principlesp. 83
Environmental Enrichment in Animal Conservation and Welfare
The Captive Environment and Reintroduction: The Black-Footed Ferret as a Case Study with Comments on Other Taxap. 97
Environmental Enrichment in a Reintroduction Program for Golden Lion Tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia)p. 113
Psychological Well-Being of Captive Nonhuman Primates: Lessons from Laboratory Studiesp. 129
Zoos, Enrichment, and the Skeptical Observer: The Practical Value of Assessmentp. 153
Determining the Causes of Stereotypic Behaviors in Zoo Carnivores: Toward Appropriate Enrichment Strategiesp. 172
Captive Environments for Small Felidsp. 184
Environmental Enrichment in Captive Management, Husbandry, and Training
Beyond Mammals: Environmental Enrichment for Amphibians and Reptilesp. 205
Toward Optimal Care for Confined Ungulatesp. 236
Enrichment of Captive Mammals through Provisioningp. 262
A Veterinary Perspective of Potential Risk Factors in Environmental Enrichmentp. 277
Positive Reinforcement Training as an Enrichment Strategyp. 302
Environmental Enrichment for Marine Mammals at Sea Worldp. 314
Epilogue: The Future of Environmental Enrichmentp. 329
Indexp. 337
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781560983972
ISBN-10: 1560983973
Series: Zoo and Aquarium Biology and Conservation Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 350
Published: 1st August 1999
Publisher: Smithsonian Books
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.5
Edition Type: New edition