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Second Language Writers' Text : Linguistic and Rhetorical Features - Eli Hinkel

Second Language Writers' Text

Linguistic and Rhetorical Features

Hardcover Published: 12th February 2002
ISBN: 9780805838886
Number Of Pages: 392

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This comprehensive and detailed analysis of second language writers' text identifies explicitly and quantifiably where their text differs from that of native speakers of English. The book is based on the results of a large-scale study of university-level native-speaker and non-native-speaker essays written in response to six prompts. Specifically, the research investigates the frequencies of uses of 68 linguistic (syntactic and lexical) and rhetorical features in essays written by advanced non-native speakers compared with those in the essays of native speakers enrolled in first-year composition courses. The selection of features for inclusion in this analysis is based on their textual functions and meanings, as identified in earlier research on English language grammar and lexis. Such analysis is valuable because it can inform the teaching of grammar and lexis, as well as discourse, and serve as a basis for second language curriculum and course design; and provide valuable insight for second language pedagogical applications of the study's findings.

Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xvii
Background: Research in Text and Written Discoursep. 1
Writing as Textp. 3
Theoretical Underpinnings and Research Trendsp. 4
Contrastive Rhetoricp. 5
Text Linguisticsp. 7
Corpus Analysesp. 10
Critical Discourse Analysisp. 13
Research in Academic and ESL Written Discourse and Textp. 15
Features of Student Essay Writingp. 21
Written Discourse and Text in Different Rhetorical Traditionsp. 30
Written Discourse and Text in Non-Anglo-American Rhetoricp. 31
Learning the Norms of L2 Academic Discoursep. 41
The Goals and Politics of Teaching ESL Writingp. 45
The Importance of L2 Learners in the Academyp. 45
English Composition for Native Speakersp. 46
L2 Writing Instruction for Non-Native Speakersp. 48
Process-Centered Teaching Center Stagep. 50
Content-Based Instruction for Writing in the Disciplinesp. 50
The Outcomesp. 51
The Crux of the Issuep. 53
Curricula in L2 College-Level Writing/Composition Coursesp. 56
The Study of Features of Second Language Text: Essays, the Data, and Methods of Analysisp. 58
The Present Studyp. 58
First and Second Language Essays and the Datap. 60
Methods of Data Analysisp. 64
Common Linguistic and Rhetorical Features of Academic ESL Textp. 73
Nouns, Pronouns, and Nominals and Their Functions and Uses in Textp. 77
Semantic and Lexical Classes of Nounsp. 77
Personal Pronouns (and Contractions)p. 83
Nominalsp. 88
The Verb Phrase and Deverbals and Their Functions and Uses in Textp. 96
Tensesp. 97
Aspectsp. 99
Semantic and Lexical Classes of Verbsp. 104
Modal Verbsp. 108
The Passive Voice (+By-Phrase)p. 111
Be-Copula as the Main Verbp. 113
Infinitivesp. 114
Participlesp. 116
Adjectives and Adverbs and Their Functions and Uses in Textp. 118
Adjectivesp. 119
Semantic and Lexical Classes of Adverbsp. 121
Subordinate Clauses and Their Functions and Usesp. 128
Noun (Nominal) Clauses (Including Prepositions)p. 130
Adjective Clausesp. 131
Adverb Clausesp. 134
Reduced Adverb Clausesp. 137
Text-Rhetorical Features and Their Functions and Usesp. 141
Coordinating and Logical Conjunctions/Prepositionsp. 142
Exemplificationp. 146
Hedgesp. 148
Rhetorical Questions and Tagsp. 153
Demonstrativesp. 154
Emphaticsp. 156
Presupposition Markersp. 157
Fixed Stringsp. 158
The Effect of Prompts on ESL Textp. 161
The First Three Promptsp. 165
The Parents Promptp. 165
The Grades Promptp. 175
The Wealth Promptp. 182
The Second Three Promptsp. 191
The Manner Promptp. 191
The Opinions Promptp. 199
The Major Promptp. 206
The Differences That the Prompts Makep. 215
Essays of Native Speakersp. 218
Essays of Chinese Speakersp. 222
Essays of Japanese Speakersp. 225
Essays of Korean Speakersp. 225
Essays of Vietnamese Speakersp. 230
Essays of Indonesian Speakersp. 233
Essays of Arabic Speakersp. 236
Conclusionp. 243
Determining Priorities in Teaching and Curriculump. 245
Top-Tier Prioritiesp. 247
Second-Tier Prioritiesp. 250
Third-Tier Prioritiesp. 252
Epiloguep. 257
Implications for Teacher Training and the Training of Trainersp. 258
Learning Advanced Academic Skillsp. 260
Attention, Awareness, and Noticingp. 261
Implications in the Classroomp. 263
Rank-Order of Median Frequency Rates of Linguistic Features in NS and NNS Textsp. 267
Comparisons of Common Linguistic and Rhetorical Features in Academic Essays Across Prompts By L1 groupsp. 269
Glossaryp. 341
Referencesp. 347
Author Indexp. 359
Subject Indexp. 365
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780805838886
ISBN-10: 0805838880
Series: Esl and Applied Linguistics Professional Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 392
Published: 12th February 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.88  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.79
Edition Number: 1

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