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Scientific, Environmental, and Political Issues in the Circum-Caspian Region : Water Science and Technology - M.H. Glantz

Scientific, Environmental, and Political Issues in the Circum-Caspian Region

Water Science and Technology

By: M.H. Glantz (Editor), Igor S. Zonn (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st July 1997
ISBN: 9780792346265
Number Of Pages: 312

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The Caspian Sea has attracted the attention of scientists, environmentalists, legal scholars and policymakers for a variety of reasons: scientists and policymakers are concerned about the sharp increase in the Caspian Sea level (2.5 m in 20 years). The rising waters have inundated coastal areas, including buildings, settlements, transportation infrastructure, and farmlands in each of the five countries that border the sea. The Caspian Sea is also rich in resources such as fisheries and hydrocarbons. The caviar of the Caspian sturgeon is a highly valued export commodity, but the fishery is at risk from the rising sea level, pollution and oil spills. The oil reserves of the region are second in size only to the Persian Gulf. Only recently the Caspian was shared by two sovereign nations: the Soviet Union and the Islamic Republic of Iran. With the breakup of the USSR in 1991, three additional sovereign riparian States were added to the Caspian coastline: Azerbaijan, Kazakstan and Turkmenistan. International oil politics have become more complicated and more intense since the breakup, raising such international legal issues as the legal status of the sea (or is it a lake?) and its overland pipelines across different countries to sea ports with access to world markets. Problems in other semi-enclosed bodies of water are also discussed, since such seas share similar environmental problems and potential solutions.

`...the contributors and editors should be commended for the high standards of excellence ... will become basic reference works for future research on the environmental issues of the Aral and the Caspian.' Central Asian Survey, 19:2 (2000)

Foreword
Preface
The Regionalization of Climate-Related Environmental Problemsp. 3
Closed Areas and the Case of the Caspian Sea Basinp. 11
Overview: History and Causes of Caspian Sea Level Changep. 17
Assessment of the State of the Caspian Seap. 27
Environmental Problems of the Caspian Sea Region and the Conflict of National Prioritiesp. 41
Toward Regional Cooperation in the Caspian: A Legal Perspectivep. 53
Iranian Research on Caspian Sea Level Risep. 69
Ecological Problems of the Caspian Sea and Perspectives of Possible Solutionsp. 79
Ecological, Social and Economic Problems of the Turkmen Caspian Zonep. 97
The Problem of the Caspian Sea Level Forecast and Its Control for the Purpose of Management Optimizationp. 105
Problems of Ecological Safety of the Astrakhan Region Due to the Rise of the Caspian Seap. 119
Biological Aspects of Caspian Sea Level Risep. 131
Europe's First Desertp. 141
Studies of Aerosols from Kalmykia's Black Lands and Their Influence on Environmentp. 145
Socio-Ecological Characterization: A Framework for Ecosystem Management Informationp. 157
An Overview of Global Environmental Change Researchp. 165
Development of the Caspian-Aral Seas Program: An ICWC Perspectivep. 185
Iranian Perspective on Environmental Problems in the Caspian Sea Regionp. 191
An Overview of the Environmental Issues in the Black Sea Regionp. 213
Environmental Problems of the Baltic Sea Regionp. 227
Identifying Sources of Radioactive and Heavy Metal Contamination in the Caspian Sea: Future Research Opportunitiesp. 245
The Rising Waters of the Caspian Sea and Possibilities for International Cooperationp. 257
Strategic planning for the Scientific and Technical Cooperation among the Littoral States of the Caspian Seap. 263
Perspectives for Regional Cooperation on Major Environmental Issues in the Caspian Sea Basinp. 275
Do International Organizations Have a Role in Addressing Caspian Environmental Issues?p. 283
Appendix
List of Participantsp. 293
Biographical Information on Participantsp. 295
Indexp. 305
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792346265
ISBN-10: 0792346262
Series: Water Science and Technology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: 31st July 1997
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.17 x 17.63  x 2.41
Weight (kg): 0.6