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Scientific Attitude : The Conduct of Science Series - Frederick Grinnell

Scientific Attitude

The Conduct of Science Series

Paperback Published: 1st July 2005
ISBN: 9780898620184
Number Of Pages: 179

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THE SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE presents a systematic account of the cognitive and social features of science. Written by an experimental biologist actively engaged in research, the work is unique in its attempt to understand science in terms of day-to-day practice. The book goes beyond the traditional description of science that focuses on method and logic to characterize the scientific attitude as a way of looking at the world.

Professor Grinnell uses examples from biomedical research to describe science at three interdependent levels. At the first level, the individual scientist makes observations, formulates hypotheses, and does experiments. The scientist's thought style determines what can be seen and what it will appear to mean. At the second level, scientists participate in social institutions such as graduate programs, research groups, journal editorial boards, and grant review panels. Each of these institutions tries to promote its own distinctive collective thought style. Finally, at the third level, scientists participate in the world of everyday life beyond science, a world that continuously influences and is influenced by the activities and discoveries of science.

"The Scientific Attitude presents a clear picture of what scientists actually do. The book offers a succinct statement of the issues and is pitched at the right level for the beginning graduate student." --Tumuo Hoshiko, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University "For Frederick Grinnell, science is not a spectator sport. He is an active research scientist who has taken the time to stand back and look at how scientific investigations, including his own, are actually conducted. The result is The Scientific Attitude, a book that every student thinking of becoming a scientist should read....I wish that Grinnell's book had been available to me when I was contemplating a career in science.'' --David L. Hull, Northwestern University ""The Scientific Attitude" presents a clear picture of what scientists actually do. The book offers a succinct statement of the issues and is pitched at the right level for the beginning graduate student." --Tumuo Hoshiko, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University "For Frederick Grinnell, science is not a spectator sport. He is an active research scientist who has taken the time to stand back and look at how scientific investigations, including his own, are actually conducted. The result is "The Scientific Attitude," a book that every student thinking of becoming a scientist should read....I wish that Grinnell's book had been available to me when I was contemplating a career in science.' --David L. Hull, Northwestern University "The transmission and maintenance of the thought collective serves as the context for Grinnell's discussion of the practical aspects of science: educating new scientists, seeking funding for research, and publishing the results. This is the most immediately useful part of the book....the basic elements are common enough that every graduate student and potential graduate student in science ought to read it. Those who seek to understand how the peer review systems really works will also find this section of the book useful....this last section of Grinnell's book is well written and could well serve as a primer on science for those int he government who seek to regulate it...Grinnell has demonstrated a capacity to shed light on such problems..." --"The Quarterly Review of Biology" "Replete with biomedical examples, this is a well-written, well-referenced, accessible account of what science is and what it is not. All the important 'nuts and bolts' are considered, including how science is done, how ideas are transmitted through time and among individual investigators, and how the enterprise is affected by nonscientific influences....That I enjoyed this book as much as I did is evidence that Grinnell has succeeded in his aim to make his views clear to anyone interested in science. I highly recommend this book to all who would like a working understanding of scientific practice. I also endorse its use by those interested in the study of complex human systems." --"The Journal of Medical Humanities"

Introduction
Making Observations: Observing Cells
Analyzing the Cell Concept
Learning to See Cells
The Cell Gestalt
The Concept of Life
The Impartiality of Science
Experimental Design and Interpretation
Choosing Problems for Study
Hypotheses and Expectations
The Assumption of Reproducibility
Seeing Data According to Different Gestalts
Luck in Science
Explicit and Implicit Hypotheses
Development of Hypotheses
Structure, Function, and Organization in Biology
Scientific Collectives: Transmission of the Thought Style
Thought Collectives and Intersubjectivity
Acceptance of New Discoveries by the Thought Collective
Structure of Graduate Programs
The Reputation of Graduate Programs
Graduate Courses and Exams
Thesis Advisors
Structure of Individual Laboratories
Expanding the Laboratory Thought
Style
The Ph.D
Thesis
Scientific Collectives: Maintaining the Thought Style
Evaluating Prospective Faculty Members
Research Papers
Research Papers Other Than Formal Papers
Research Funding
Setting the Agenda for Future Research
The Scientific Establishment
Scientific Misconduct: Science at Risk
The Meaning of Scientific Misconduct
Biological Activity of an Infinitely
Diluted Solution: A Study in Controversy
Error vs
Fraud--Part I: The Baltimore Case
Error vs. Fraud--
Part II: Why Are They Linked Together? Auditing the Scientific Literature
The Integrity of Science
Secrecy and Sharing Research Data and Materials
Conflict of Interest
Science and the World
The Origins of Science in Everyday
Life Experience
Life Experience Beyond Science
Science and Religion
Science and Ethics
Scientists as People
The Influence of Politics on Science
Concluding Comments
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780898620184
ISBN-10: 089862018X
Series: The Conduct of Science Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 179
Published: 1st July 2005
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.32
Edition Number: 2