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Science Evaluation and Its Management : NATO Science Series - V. Paces

Science Evaluation and Its Management

NATO Science Series

By: V. Paces (Editor), L. Pivec (Editor), A.H. Teich (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: January 1999
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Evaluation of scientific research, particularly that research which is supported by government funds, is matter of growing concern in virtually every nation. No longer is it sufficient to expect that the value of investments in research will be judged in long-term, historical perspective. Resources are inevitably scare and policy-makers are seeking ways to assure that these resources are used in the most effective way. From the life-or-death evaluations of academy research institutes in the post-communist countries to the Government Performance and Results Act in the United States, research evaluation has become a topic of utmost importance in science policy. Because evaluation often have substantial consequences for researchers and research institutions, including restructuring, shifting of priorities, budget reductions, or even closures, it is essential that they be done systematically and objectively, with methodologies that can be understood and trusted by those concerned. This book, based on a NATO Advanced Research. Workshop co-organised by the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, describes a range of the most up-to-date methods of science evaluation and the experience in their implementation in many countries. It will be of interest to researchers, policy-makers, practitioners of science evaluation, and many others interested in science policy.

Preface
List of Participants
Major Recent Trends in Research Evaluation Resulting from Economic Globalisation
Perspectives on Research Evaluationp. 3
Evaluation of Research Policy as a Moderation Processp. 8
Performance Indicators for Science Evaluationp. 17
A Bird's Eye View: Mapping and Landscaping World Sciencep. 22
Evaluating the European Commission RTD Programmes: Responding to the Needs of a Changing Worldp. 31
New Approaches to Evaluating Research Programmes for Management Purposesp. 36
Demands on and Expectations from Research Evaluation, from the Macro to the Micro Levelp. 51
Science Evaluation in Universities and Academy Research Institutes: Similarities and Differencesp. 60
Multicriterial Patterns of Research Evaluation
Evaluation of Researchers, Research Proposals and Accomplishmentsp. 67
The Uses and Impacts of Research Evaluationp. 75
Dialogue Between Scientists and Evaluators as a Means to Properly Choose and Assess Research Directionsp. 79
Transitional Systems of Innovationp. 83
Multicriterial Evaluation and Assessment of Scientific Activitiesp. 94
Evaluation of an Individual Scientist: Legal Case Analogyp. 98
Towards Establishing Indicators to Evaluate Performance Within Systems of Innovationp. 103
International Standardisation of Science Evaluation and Management (and Country-Specific Approaches)
The Specifics of Evaluation of Science and Scientists in Small Countries in Transitionp. 117
Research Evaluation and Management in the UK Governmentp. 127
Quality Assessment of Research in a Multi-spectral National Institutionp. 138
Criteria for Evaluation of Research and Development in Ukrainep. 146
Evaluation of Research Centres and Assessment of Research Programmes in Greecep. 154
Evaluation of SandT and the Economic Contextp. 168
The Imperatives of Changes: Wishes and Realities in a Small Countryp. 173
Evaluation Criteria and Practices Used for the Assessment and the Management of Romanian Research Unitsp. 180
International Evaluation of Research Projects in Baltic Countriesp. 190
Science Evaluation as Rational and Social Process: The Experience of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciencesp. 196
Evaluation Practices and Management of Change: The Estonian Experiencep. 211
Quantitative Evaluation Methods and Evaluation of Field-Specific and Interdisciplinary Research
Research Evaluation in Physics and Materials Sciencep. 221
Evaluation of Performance and Trends in Basic and Applied Research by Advanced Bibliometric Methods: A Science Policy Instrument for Nations with an Economy in Transitionp. 227
Quantitative Research Evaluation: Experience of a Small Countryp. 246
Bibliometric Indicators for Research Evaluation: Inter-field Differencesp. 256
Evaluation of Scientific Activity of RandD Institutions in Polandp. 266
Conclusions and Recommendationsp. 272
Subject Indexp. 275
Author Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789051994384
ISBN-10: 9051994389
Series: NATO Science Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 298
Published: January 1999
Publisher: IOS Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.7
Weight (kg): 0.6
Edition Number: 1