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Science and Technology in a Developing World : Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook - Terry Shinn

Science and Technology in a Developing World

Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook

By: Terry Shinn (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th September 1997
ISBN: 9780792344193
Number Of Pages: 411

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block possible Soviet expansion by mobilizing European "democracies", the policy soon extended to some developing countries in Asia and Latin America. In response, the USSR gradually initiated development programs for newly independent nations in Asia and Africa. In this context, super power rivalry operated in the South to (i) expand spheres of influence and control; (ii) guard Southern nations from the influence and incursions launched by the opposed camp; (iii) stimulate indigenous development. With few exceptions, Southern nations provided little input to the definition and execution of North-South dynamics during this period. In the case of Africa and to some extent Asia, the acquisition of independence was so recent and often sudden that there was little time to reflect on the kind of policies and measures needed to build balĀ­ anced relations with the former mother country. In Latin America, the Monroe Doctrine had long insured that the region was a virtual captive of the US. Aid for development was contingent on conformity to US political and economic interests. The cognitive component of South-North dealings strongly reflected the two above mentioned dispositions. The relative lack of political experience in the South. and the dearth of an organized and sizable intellectual/academic community, meant that there were few cognitive and human resources for undertaking careful study and analysis of the conditions and needs of developĀ­ ment from a Southern perspective (influential exceptions existed though, such as Raul Prebisch in Latin America or Ghandi in India).

Introduction
STS Studies and Development Perspectives in South-North Transactions
The Epistemological Turn
Is Modern Science an Ethno-Science? Rethinking Epistemological Assumptions
The Rhetoric of Progress: Crisis Avoidance in Science and Technology Policy for Development Discourse
French Ethnocentricity
The Epistemological Circumstances of the Third World Concept
Science for the North/Science for the South
Science and French Colonial Policy
Creation of ORSTOM: From the Popular Front to the Liberation via Vichy, 1936-1943
Science for the South/Science for the North
The Great Divide? ORSTOM versus CNRS
Research and Policy for Development in the Netherlands: A Radical Turn to the South?
Information Aid and Forms of Belgian Post Colonial Science
Value Structures in International Development Research Management
The Case of a Canadian Agency
Science and Counter Hegemony
Exploring the Role of Local Leadership as a Catalyst of Scientific Development
Prometheus and Hermes
Entrepreneurial Science in Mexico as a Development Strategy
The Decline of Import Substitution Policy and the Rise of Academic-Industry Relations
Science, Technology and Counter Hegemony: Some Reflections on the Contemporary Science Movements in India
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792344193
ISBN-10: 0792344197
Series: Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 411
Published: 30th September 1997
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.69
Weight (kg): 1.74