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Science and Corporate Strategy : Du Pont R and D, 1902-1980 - David A. Hounshell

Science and Corporate Strategy

Du Pont R and D, 1902-1980

Hardcover

Published: 29th February 2008
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Based on voluminous corporate records and extensive interviews with key employees, Science and Corporate Strategy: Du Pont R and D, 1902-1980 provides a comprehensive, critical study of research and development in a large US corporation. Du Pont was among a handful of US corporations that established formal research and development laboratories at the turn of the century to improve competitive positions in their respective industries. Initially, Du Pont's executives viewed R&D as an important though not central part of the corporations strategy. However the gains made by the company's laboratories soon demonstrated that R&D would be a critical ingredient in the firm's success. The industrial research and development laboratory became a major part of corporate structure; science became a central part of corporate strategy.

List of illustrations
List of tables
Editors- preface
Authors- preface
Introduction
The Experimental Era: 1902-1921
Organizing for research and development, 1902-1911
Reorganizing and diversification
World War I and the venture into dyestuffs
Decentralization
Creating a Chemical Empire
Rebuilding a central research organization
Research to the rescue: Du Pont finishes
Research efficiency: the organic chemicals department
New fibers and films for a new era: the rayon department
From nitrates to nylon: the ammonia department
Du Pont R&D in the international sphere
Development power: the case of titanium dioxide pigments
-Better Things for Better Living through Chemistry-
The -radical departure-: Charles Stine-s fundamental research program
The -D- of R&D: the development of neoprene and nylon
Developing a discipline: chemical engineering research at Du Pont
The conduct of research
Chemistry Enshrined
The war years and postwar expansion of research
The persuit of science at Du Pont
Making a revolution: Du Pont and synthetic fibers
New directions in fibers RD
Biological chemicals
Keeping ahead of the competition: Du Pont plastics
Challenge and Response
The new venture era
Successful diversification: the photo products department
Toxicological and environmental research
Redirecting R&D: the 1970s
Reprise: science and corporate strategy at Du Pont
Appendixes
Notes
Essay on sources
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521327671
ISBN-10: 0521327679
Series: Studies in Economic History and Policy: USA in the Twentieth Century
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 780
Published: 29th February 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 4.1
Weight (kg): 1.25