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Schopenhauer : Routledge Philosophers - Julian Young

Schopenhauer

Routledge Philosophers

Paperback Published: 18th April 2005
ISBN: 9780415333474
Number Of Pages: 271

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Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) was one of the greatest writers and German philosophers of the nineteenth century. His work influenced figures as diverse as Wagner, Freud and Nietzsche. Best known as a pessimist, he was one of the few philosophers read and admired by Wittgenstein.
In this comprehensive introduction, Julian Young covers all the main aspects of Schopenhauer's philosophy. Beginning with an overview of Schopenhauer's life and work, he introduces the central aspects of his metaphysics fundamental to understanding his work as a whole: his philosophical idealism and debt to the philosophy of Kant; his attempt to answer the question of what the world is; his account of science; and in particular his idea that 'will' is the essence of all things.
Julian Young then introduces and assesses Schopenhauer's aesthetics, which occupy a central place in his philosophy. He carefully examines Schopenhauer's theories of the sublime, artistic genius and music, before assessing his ethics of compassion, his arguments for pessimism and his account of 'salvation'. In the final chapter, he considers Schopenhauer's legacy and his influence on the thought of Nietzsche and Wittgenstein, making this an ideal starting point for those coming to Schopenhauer for the first time.

'This is a comprehensive, sensible and lucidly presented account of Schopenhauer's philosophy. The author succeeds in showing why Schopenhauer still deserves to be studied, but at the same time he is appropriately critical when discussing Schopenhauer's doctrines and arguments.' - Severin Schroeder, University of Oxford

'...an accessible, thoughtful, penetrating critical introduction to Schopenhauer... The book's greatest strengths are its clear analysis of Schopenhauer's arguments and its thorough examination of them. An excellent introduction for those new to Schopenhauer and a significant challenge to his apologists.' - William Schroeder, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

Acknowledgementsp. xi
List of abbreviationsp. xii
Chronologyp. xiii
Introductionp. xvi
Life and Worksp. 1
Hamburgp. 1
Gottingenp. 3
Berlinp. 8
Weimarp. 9
Dresden and Berlin Againp. 10
Wander-yearp. 12
Frankfurtp. 13
Summaryp. 16
Further Readingp. 16
Metaphysics: The World as Representationp. 17
Partial Versus Radical Idealismp. 17
Read Kant!p. 21
Realism as Self-Contradictoryp. 25
Evolutionary Idealismp. 28
Reasonp. 32
Practical Reasonp. 34
Perceptionp. 36
Conceptsp. 39
Intuitive Versus Conceptual Knowledgep. 42
Criticism of Schopenhauer on Reason and Perceptionp. 44
Meaningfulnessp. 46
Observations on Schopenhauer's Criterion of Meaningfulnessp. 48
Summaryp. 52
Further Readingp. 52
Metaphysics: The World as Willp. 53
Completing the Scientific Imagep. 54
Natural Forcesp. 56
The Nature of Matterp. 58
The Subjective Versus the Objective Standpointp. 60
The Black Box Problemp. 61
Will as Characterp. 66
Extending the Willp. 68
Bypassing Solipsismp. 69
Organic Nature and Teleologyp. 71
Inanimate Naturep. 74
The World-Willp. 76
The Platonic Ideasp. 77
The Influence of Spinozap. 78
Nature-Pessimismp. 79
Can the Will be 'Blind'?p. 82
Schopenhauer and Darwinp. 85
Summaryp. 87
Further Readingp. 88
Metaphysics: Ultimate Realityp. 89
The Early Viewp. 89
Qualificationsp. 92
Metaphysics as 'Deciphering'p. 94
The Possibility of 'Salvation'p. 98
Summaryp. 101
Further Readingp. 102
Artp. 103
Schopenhauer Versus Hegelp. 103
The Question: What is Art?p. 105
Everyday Consciousnessp. 108
The Aesthetic Statep. 111
Aesthetic Pleasurep. 113
The Sublimep. 115
The Lyricalp. 120
Criticism of Schopenhauer on the Sublime and the Lyricalp. 124
The Possibility of Geniusp. 125
Summaryp. 127
Further Readingp. 128
Art (continued)p. 129
The Platonic Ideasp. 129
Art and Knowledgep. 133
The Beautifulp. 135
Art and Philosophyp. 136
Tragedy and the Value of Artp. 142
A Criticism of Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Artp. 145
Musicp. 150
The Problem of Operap. 153
Summaryp. 156
Further Readingp. 157
Ethicsp. 158
Can Philosophy Change Your Life?p. 158
Freedom and Characterp. 160
Is Philosophy 'Dead'?p. 165
Death and Immortalityp. 168
Egoismp. 173
Malicep. 175
Altruismp. 178
The Metaphysics of Virtuep. 180
Criticism of Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophyp. 181
Summaryp. 187
Further Readingp. 187
Salvationp. 188
Denial of the Willp. 188
Denial of the Will and the Unalterability of Characterp. 192
Suicidep. 194
Salvationp. 195
Pessimismp. 206
Summaryp. 219
Further Readingp. 220
Schopenhauer's Influence and Legacyp. 221
Schopenhauer and the Philosophersp. 221
Schopenhauer and the Artistsp. 234
Schopenhauer and Freudp. 238
Schopenhauer and Evolutionary Views of Manp. 241
Schopenhauer and Usp. 245
Summaryp. 245
Further Readingp. 246
Notesp. 247
Bibliographyp. 265
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415333474
ISBN-10: 0415333474
Series: Routledge Philosophers
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 271
Published: 18th April 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 14.17  x 2.26
Weight (kg): 0.39
Edition Number: 1