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School Uniform Movement and What It Tells Us about American Education : A Symbolic Crusade - David L. Brunsma

School Uniform Movement and What It Tells Us about American Education

A Symbolic Crusade


Published: 28th July 2004
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The School Uniform Movement and What it Tells Us About American Education: A Symbolic Crusade represents the most thorough exposition on our present understanding of the impetuses, debates, legalities, and effectiveness of school uniform policies that have rapidly entered the discourse of school reform in the United States. In it, David Brunsma provides an antidote to the ungrounded, anecdotal components that define the contemporary conversation regarding policies of standardized dress in American K-12 districts and schools. Drawing upon years of experience and research directed at objectively and empirically understanding the issue of school uniform policies, Brunsma provides, for the first time: a comprehensive history of the issue, critical evaluation of the extant literature, reviews of several case studies, results of nationally representative empirical research. All of this is of the utmost importance for those who wish to be informed and insightful participants in the contemporary debate on school uniform policies. Educators, parents, concerned community members, and others will gladly welcome such a compilation of present understandings of the crucial empirical, sociological, cultural, political, and legal dimensions of the school uniform debate; it will also appeal to all those who are interested in the politics and critical realities behind the school uniform movement underway in the United States. In the end, the school uniform movement reveals a great deal about the politics, social realities, and highly contested terrain of educational reform and the process of schooling in the United States.

A sociologist who is a longtime researcher of school uniform policies gives a comprehensive history of the movement toward school uniforms and offers a critical evaluation of the literature addressing the topic.--Education Week

List of Tablesp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introductionp. xvii
Dress Codes and School Uniforms: Past, Present, and Futurep. 1
A Brief History of School Uniforms and Dress Codesp. 3
England: Class, Schooling, and School Uniformsp. 3
The Rise of Public Schooling and Student Dressp. 7
Baby Boomers, the Student Movement, Free Speech, and Dressp. 11
The Tide Is Turned: From D.C. to Long Beachp. 13
The Making of a National "Reform" Effortp. 20
The Contours of Anti-Uniform and Pro-Uniform Discoursep. 23
A Review of the Literature: From Anecdotes to Research and Back Againp. 27
Introductionp. 28
Anecdotes Are Not Antidotes: The Pros and Cons of School Uniformsp. 30
The Research: Pieces of the Puzzlep. 32
Where Do We Go from Here?p. 49
The Law and Student Clothing (Todd A. DeMitchell)p. 51
Freedom of Speechp. 52
Litigation over Dress Codesp. 57
Uniforms and the Constitutionp. 62
Uniforms and Dress Codesp. 72
To Uniform or Not to Uniform? Empirical Antecedents to Policy Formation and Adoptionp. 75
Introductionp. 75
Descriptive Data: Uniform Policies in the United Statesp. 76
Why Uniforms? Why Not?: Anecdotal Reasons Given for the Implementation of Uniform Policiesp. 81
Empirical Correlates to Policy Adoption in Public Schoolsp. 86
From Idea to Practice: Protocol, Promises, Pitfalls, and Perilsp. 90
From Practice to the Compost Heapp. 102
Discussion: To Uniform or Not to Uniform? Is That the Question?p. 105
The Effects of School Uniforms and Dress Codes on Educational Processes and Outcomesp. 107
Introductionp. 107
Uniforms and School Climate Variablesp. 108
Uniforms and Academic Achievementp. 119
Uniforms and Attendancep. 137
The BIG Question: Uniforms versus Dress Codesp. 139
Is It Too Early to Tell? Prospects of the Longevity of Uniform Policiesp. 142
Summaryp. 154
The Effects of School Uniforms and Dress Codes on Behavioral and Social Processes and Outcomesp. 155
Introductionp. 155
Uniforms and Self-Esteem/Self-Conceptp. 156
Uniforms and Measures of Loci of Controlp. 161
Uniforms, Behavioral Problems, Substance Use, and Attendancep. 172
Summaryp. 176
A Symbolic Crusade: The School Uniform Movement and What It Tells Us about American Educationp. 177
Introductionp. 177
What Have We Learned?p. 179
Panacea or Serious Reform Effort? On the Incompetence of the School Uniform Movementp. 184
Behind the Symbol, Behind the Crusade: Intentions and Fearsp. 192
Conclusion: What Works?p. 194
Means, Standard Deviations, Ranges, and Coding of Variablesp. 197
President Clinton's State of the Union Address (Delivered Version)p. 207
Endnotesp. 223
Referencesp. 237
Indexp. 255
About the Authorp. 263
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781578861255
ISBN-10: 157886125X
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 302
Published: 28th July 2004
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.11 x 15.19  x 2.31
Weight (kg): 0.45