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Salyut : The First Space Station : Triumph and Tragedy :  The First Space Station : Triumph and Tragedy - Grujica S. Ivanovich

Salyut : The First Space Station : Triumph and Tragedy

The First Space Station : Triumph and Tragedy

Paperback Published: June 2008
ISBN: 9780387735856
Number Of Pages: 426

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This remarkable book is a unique insight into the people involved in the development of the Salyut space station and the crews assigned to operate it. It describes the rotation between the crews, analyses the decision to send the back-up crew on Soyuz 11 and recounts the intrigues and difficult relationships between all the personalities involved - politicians, CKBEM managers, designers, generals and cosmonauts. Biographies of the Soyuz 11 cosmonauts are published for the first time in English and the longest manned space mission of the time is described before Grujica Ivanovich gives a unique summary of the most tragic day in the Soviet/Russian manned space program. An investigation into the cause of the tragic deaths of the Soyuz 11 cosmonauts precedes a description of the post-Salyut era, showing how the legacy of the first space station has survived for decades.

The first two chapters provide the history of the first Soviet space station projects Almaz, Soyuz-R, MKS and DOS from 1964 to1970 and cover the selection of DOS-1 crews in 1971, their training and crew rotations. Chapter 3 launches the Salyut space station with its first crew to occupy the first space station, while Chapter 4 portrays the drama of the Soyuz 10 mission in April 1971, which failed to dock with Salyut due to a broken docking probe element, culminating a dramatic night return to the Earth. The following two chapters describe the State Commissiona (TM)s decision to replace the original crew of Soyuz 11 two days before the launch in June 1971 and introduce cosmonauts Dobrovolysky, Volkov and Patcayev. The launch of Soyuz 11, its docking with Salyut and the first days aboard the space station are described in Chapter 7 and the fire which almost curtailed the mission and led to Dobrovolsky and Volkova (TM)s deteriorating relationship is then covered. The final stages of the mission, including the problems with the hatch before Soyuz 11 separated from the Salyut space station, are explained before the author details the separation of the orbital and service modules and the tragic mistake made by the cosmonauts. Chapter 10 describes the normal landing of Soyuz 11, the discovery of and attempts to revive the dead cosmonauts.

and includes the first interview with one of the rescuers. The author then demonstrates how detailed analysis found that, after separation from the orbital module, the internal pressure in the descent module dropped from 920mm to zero in 112 seconds due to the premature opening of one of the valves. Without spacesuits, the cosmonauts had only 15-20 seconds to close the valve and save their lives. An attempt by Dobrovolsky sadly failed. Further investigation identified numerous problems which contributed to the tragedy, including the valve technology, leaking of personal protection equipment, problems with the hatch and omissions in crew training, as well as confusion between the cosmonauts.

The last chapters describe the Post-Salyut era. After three single modular stations, in 1986 the USSR launched the base module of the third generation space station Mir, which has six docking probes. In the following years, Mir grew rapidly and was extended with five additional scientific modules to become a true space outpost continually occupied by humans, the dream of space pioneers. The service module Zvezda, a modified Salyut/DOS-1, currently serves as a core for the International Space Station. The book ends with memories of all those affected by the DOS program and the tragedy of the heroic Soyuz 11 crew and looks forward to a continuation of the historic mission of Salyut.

From the reviews:

"This work chronicles the history of the first space station, Salyut 1, which was built by the former Soviet Union and launched unmanned in April 1971. ... The author also discusses the interactions between the space agency and the Kremlin in Moscow as well as other interpersonal rivalries. The book includes many excellent half-tone photographs, biographies of the cosmonauts, and a glossary. Summing Up: Recommended. Public, general, and undergraduate libraries, all levels." (J. Z. Kiss, Choice, Vol. 46 (5), January, 2009)

List of Illustrationsp. xi
Forewordp. xix
Author's prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xxvii
From Almaz to Salyutp. 1
Early daysp. 1
Chelomey and the Kremlinp. 5
Almazp. 7
OKB-1's space stationsp. 11
The conspiracyp. 17
DOS is bornp. 24
DOS-1 crewsp. 31
Star Townp. 31
The first crewsp. 33
Revised appointmentsp. 36
The dismissal of Shoninp. 41
Salyut in spacep. 49
Final preparationsp. 49
Space station launchp. 50
Expert in space rendezvousp. 61
"Interesting things attract me"p. 68
Between space and bikesp. 82
Drama of the Granitesp. 87
Into spacep. 87
Flight controlp. 94
Ninety millimetres from Salyutp. 100
'Mom' doesn't release 'dad'p. 104
The night returnp. 106
"Show me that designer"p. 111
Mutiny at the cosmodromep. 113
Optionsp. 113
Shading on the lungp. 116
Mishin, Volkov and Leonovp. 124
Journalists and the new crewp. 128
Dobrovolskiy, Volkov and Patsayevp. 135
Between the sea and skyp. 135
"Space does not forgive mistakes"p. 140
"The universe was alive"p. 146
"I would like so much to explore"p. 158
Home in orbitp. 173
Lift-offp. 173
The first orbitsp. 179
"The station is huge"p. 181
Space laboratoryp. 189
Science and conflictsp. 197
Early daysp. 197
Medicine on Salyutp. 197
Space astrophysicsp. 203
The first conflictsp. 207
Notes from the stationp. 212
The next crewsp. 217
The firep. 219
"The curtain"p. 219
"The smoke isn't being produced any more"p. 223
Space birthdayp. 228
One thousand orbitsp. 233
Tracking shipsp. 237
Drawing away from the stationp. 239
Final daysp. 239
"The green corner"p. 240
"Do not worry"p. 246
"The hatch is not hermetically sealed!"p. 256
Cosmonauts dead on landingp. 261
Soyuz landing operationsp. 261
The silence of the cosmonautsp. 268
Code '111'p. 272
"Dobrovolskiy was still warm"p. 276
"It is intolerably painful!"p. 278
Farewellp. 281
The announcementp. 281
The funeralp. 282
Western speculationsp. 294
Thirteen seconds to eternityp. 297
Commissionp. 297
Decompressionp. 297
The valvep. 302
The agonyp. 304
Could the cosmonauts have survived?p. 305
From Vera Patsayeva's notesp. 311
People and omissionsp. 316
The fall of the Chief Designerp. 325
Salyut's last daysp. 325
Lost at launchp. 325
The Almaz-1 dramap. 329
DOS-3: an improved stationp. 332
The dismissal of Vasiliy Mishinp. 342
Memoriesp. 351
Vasiliy Pavlovich Mishinp. 351
Vladimir Nikolayevich Chelomeyp. 355
Boris Yevseyevich Chertokp. 356
Boris Viktorovich Raushenbakhp. 357
Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistovp. 358
Yuriy Pavlovich Semyonovp. 360
Nikolay Petrovich Kamaninp. 362
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Shatalovp. 363
Aleksey Stanislavovich Yeliseyevp. 366
Nikolay Nikolayevich Rukavishnikovp. 369
Aleksey Arkhipovich Leonovp. 372
Valeriy Nikolayevich Kubasovp. 376
Pyotr Ivanovich Kolodinp. 378
Reminiscence and legaciesp. 379
Zarya and Zvezdap. 385
Glossaryp. 391
Personnelp. 395
Bibliographyp. 413
Indexp. 419
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780387735856
ISBN-10: 0387735852
Series: Springer-Praxis Books in Space Exploration
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 426
Published: June 2008
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.38 x 16.82  x 2.31
Weight (kg): 0.89