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Safety Issues Associated with Plutonium Involvement in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle : Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1 - T.A. Parish

Safety Issues Associated with Plutonium Involvement in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1

By: T.A. Parish (Editor), Vyacheslav V. Khromov (Editor), Igor Carron (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1999
ISBN: 9780792355922
Number Of Pages: 241

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The "VOLGA" conferences, hosted in odd-numbered years by the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Reactor Physics of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI), are some of the most prestigious technical meetings held in Russia. Traditionally, these conferences present the opportunity for reactor physicists from around the world to gather at MEPhI's holiday camp on the banks of the Volga river (near Tver) to exchange ideas and explore innovative concepts related to nuclear power development. In 1997, NATO became involved in the "VOLGA" meetings for the first time by co-sponsoring "VOLGA97" as an advanced research workshop. This workshop broke with tradition a bit in that the venue was moved from MEPhI's holiday camp to a location nearer Moscow. The workshop program was effectively organized in order to cover a broad range of topics relating to the theme of the meeting. Generally, the papers concerned safety­ related questions associated with utilizing both weapons-grade and reactor-grade plutonium in the nuclear fuel cycle, including facility requirements, licensing issues, proliferation risks, and a variety of advanced concepts for alternative fuel cycles. The program contained a total of ninety-nine papers presented in five days of sessions.

Foreword
Acknowledgments
General Considerations for Plutonium Usage/Disposition
The U.S.-Russian Joint Studies on Using Power Reactors to Disposition Surplus Weapons Plutonium as Spent Fuel
Current State of and Near Term Prospects for Plutonium Management in Russia
The Role of Nuclear Power in Sustainable Development
Plutonium Disposition Research and Related Activities at the Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium
The ISTC Projects Related to Plutonium Utilization and Disposition (Overview)
Fuel cycle and reprocessing aspects of plutonium usage
Waste Partitioning and Transmutation as a Mear Towards Long-Term Risk Reduction
Nuclear Criticality Safety Aspects of the Utilization of Weapons-Grade Plutonium in MOX fuel Using Current BNFL Technology
Reducing the Proliferation Risk of Weapons Plutonium by Mixing with Reactor-Grade Plutonium
COGEMA's Contribution to the Recycling of Military Plutonium
Plutonium Incineration in LWRs
The First Step in the Double Strate Fuel Cycle
State of the Art and Outlook for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the Russian Federation
On-Site Spent Fuel Management Based on Electrorefining
Plutonium Usage in existing/Near-term Reactors
Prospects For Improvement of VVER Fuel Management and MOX Utilization
Use of Uranium-Erbium and Plutonium-Erbium Fuel in RBMK Reactors
Plutonium Management and Actinide Burning in CANDU Reactors
The Next Stage in Nuclear Power Development: Improved Pu Usage, Safety, Radioactive Waste and Non-Proliferation Features
Neutronic Aspects of Weapons-Grade Plutonium Utilization in the VVER-1000 Fuel Cycle
Validation of the MCU/RFFI/A Code for Applications to Plutonium Systems and Use of the MCU/RFFI/A Code for Verification of Physics Design Codes Intended for Calculations of VVER Reactor Performance With MOX Fuel
Development of Neutronic Models for Two Types of Reactors Based on the SAPFIR Package of Universal Algorithms
Performance Modeling for Weapons MOX Fuel in Light Water Reactors
Nuclear Power Systems Using Fast Reactors to Reduce Long-Lived Wastes
Plutonium-Fueled LMFRs: Problems of Design Optimization for Self-Protection
Equilibrium, Proliferation Resistant, Closed Fuel Cycles for LWRs
Delayed Neutron Data for Actinides Obtained from Global Level Measurements
Burning of Plutonium in Advanced Modular Pebble Bed HTRs: The Most Effective and Safe Way for Disposition
Denaturing Ex-Weapons Plutonium
Author and Subject Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792355922
ISBN-10: 079235592X
Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 241
Published: 28th February 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 1.19