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Rural Society in the Age of Reason : An Archaeology of the Emergence of Modern Life in the Southern Scottish Highlands - Chris J. Dalglish

Rural Society in the Age of Reason

An Archaeology of the Emergence of Modern Life in the Southern Scottish Highlands

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Published: 31st May 2003
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My interest in the archaeology of the Scottish Highlands began long before I had any formal training in the subject. Growing up on the eastern fringes of the southern Highlands, close to Loch Lomond, it was not hard stumble across ruined buildings, old field boundaries, and other traces of everyday life in the past. This is especially true if you spend much time, as I have done, climbing the nearby mountains and walking and driving through the various glens that give access into the Highlands. At the time, I had no real understanding of these remains, simply accepting them as being built and old. After studying archaeology for a few years at the University of Glasgow, itself only a short commute from the area where I grew up, I became acutely aware that I still had no real understanding of these - miliar, yet enigmatic, buildings and fields. This and a growing interest in Scotland's historical archaeology drove me to take several courses on the subject of rural settlement studies. These courses allowed me to place what I now knew to be houses, barns, mills, shieling (transhumance) settlements, rig-and-furrow cultivation, and other related remains in history. Overwhelmingly, they seemed to date from the period of the last 300 years. I also began to understand how they all worked together as component parts of daily rural life in the past.

Introductionp. 1
Subjectp. 1
Approachp. 6
Structurep. 9
Rural Settlement Studies: A Critical Historyp. 13
Rural Settlement Studies as Ethnologyp. 15
Rural Settlement Studies as Folk Lifep. 23
Rural Settlement Studies as Historical Archaeologyp. 27
Archaeology, Documents, and the Writing of Social Historyp. 32
An Active Archaeology of Improvementp. 36
Capitalism and Societyp. 39
Archaeology and Capitalism: The Georgian Orderp. 40
Beyond the Georgian Order: Society and the Individualp. 51
The Constitution of Society and Social Changep. 59
Ideology, Material Culture, and Routine Practicep. 68
Capitalism, Capitalist Society, and Archaeologyp. 75
The Changing Material and Routine Environmentp. 79
The Pre-Improvement Material Environmentp. 80
Settlementp. 81
Landscapep. 90
Domestic Spacep. 97
The Material Environment of Improvementp. 103
Settlementp. 103
Landscapep. 114
Domestic Spacep. 120
Changing Routine Practice with Improvementp. 123
Improvement and Enlightenmentp. 129
Improvement and the Scottish Enlightenmentp. 130
Enlightenment Historiography: The Stages of Societyp. 134
Human Nature, the Commercial Age, and Human Independencep. 138
Exemplars for Improvement: Lowland Scotland and Englandp. 141
Settlementp. 141
Landscapep. 143
Domestic Spacep. 145
Routine Practicep. 147
A Partial Understanding of Improvementp. 149
Improvement and the Landownerp. 153
Clanship as a Socio-Political Systemp. 155
Duthchas and Oighreachd in Kintyrep. 158
Kintyre and the Lordship of the Islesp. 158
Forfeiture and Unrest: Kintyre and the Decline of the Lordship of the Islesp. 160
Clan Campbell and Clan Donald from the Late Sixteenth Centuryp. 162
Kintyre in the Seventeenth Century: Campbell Territorial Expansion and Resulting Civil Unrestp. 164
The Legacy of Unrest: Improvement and the Civilizing of Kintyrep. 167
Summaryp. 170
Improvement in Kilfinan and the Emergent Middle Classp. 171
The Landholding History of Kilfinanp. 174
Urban Society and the Emergent Middle Classp. 181
Improvement and the Establishment and Maintenance of Middle Class Statusp. 185
Improvement as a Strategy in Resolving Social Contradictionp. 191
Improvement and the Farming Populationp. 193
Narratives of Response to Improvementp. 195
Archaeology and the Dynamics of Improvementp. 199
Dual Material Response to Improvementp. 200
Improvement and the Horizontal Division of the Farming Communityp. 205
Regional Variation in the Construction of Modern Highland Societyp. 210
The Dynamics of Improvementp. 214
Conclusionp. 217
Improvement, the Material Environment, and Routine Practicep. 217
Improvement and the Negotiation of Societyp. 222
Resistance and the Asymmetry of Societyp. 228
Referencesp. 233
Indexp. 247
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306477720
ISBN-10: 0306477726
Series: Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 31st May 2003
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.73
Weight (kg): 0.86