Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam is a collection of poems, originally written in the Persian language and of which there are about a thousand, attributed to the Persian mathematician and astronomer Omar Khayyam (full name: Ghiyas od-Din Abol-Fat'h Omar ibn Ebrahim Khayyam Neyshaburi) (1048-1122/23). "Rubaiyat" (derived from the Arabic root word for 4) means "quatrains": verses of four lines. The translations that are best known in English are those of about a hundred verses by Edward Fitzgerald (1809-1883) published between 1859 and 1889. Jami Noureddin Abdurrahman, also known as Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami (1414-1492) was a Persian Poet born at Jam, in Khorassan. His best known poems are Yusuf and Salikha, Majnun and Laili, and Salaman and Absal. In addition to his poetry, he wrote a history of the Sufi, and other prose works. FitzGerald's translation of Salaman and Absal in Miltonic Verse was published anonymously in 1856.