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Roots : The Dynamic Interface Between Plants and the Earth - Jun Abe

Roots

The Dynamic Interface Between Plants and the Earth

By: Jun Abe (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th November 2003
ISBN: 9781402015793
Number Of Pages: 460

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The root is the organ that functions as the interface between the plant and the earth environment. Many human management practices involving crops, forests and natural vegetation also affect plant growth through the soil and roots. Understanding the morphology and function of roots from the cellular level to the level of the whole root system is required for both plant production and environmental protection. This book is at the forefront of plant root science (rhizology), catering to professional plant scientists and graduate students. It covers root development, stress physiology, ecology, and associations with microorganisms. The chapters are selected papers originally presented at the 6th Symposium of the International Society of Root Research, where plant biologists, ecologists, soil microbiologists, crop scientists, forestry scientists, and environmental scientists, among others, gathered to discuss current research results and to establish rhizology as a newly integrated research area.

Preface
List of contributors
Structural aspects of bulge formation during root hair initiationp. 1
Morphological and physiological characteristics of a root-hairless mutant in rice (Oryza sative L.)p. 9
Growth and cell wall changes in rice roots during spaceflightp. 19
Super roots in Lotus corniculatus: A unique tissue culture and regeneration system in a legume speciesp. 27
Searching for quantitative trait loci controlling root traits in maize: a critical appraisalp. 35
Relative importance of nodal roots and apical buds in the control of branching in Trifolium repens L.p. 55
Biological activities and structure-activity relationship of substitution compounds of N-[2-(3-indoly)ethyl]succinamic acid and N-[2-(1-naphthyl)ethyl]succinamic acid, derived from a new category of root-promoting substances, N-(phenethyl)succinamic acid analogsp. 67
Jasmonates promote cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var Capitata L.) root and shoot developmentp. 77
Silicification of bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla Mitf.) root and leafp. 85
How do roots penetrate strong soil?p. 93
Conservation and divergence of signaling pathways between roots and soil microbes - the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis compared to the development of lateral roots, mycorrhizal interactions and nematode-induced gallsp. 105
Influence of pasture management (nitrogen and lime addition and insecticide treatment) on soil organisms and pasture root system dynamics in the fieldp. 121
Host-specific plant signal and G-protein activator, mastoparan, trigger differentiation of zoospores of the phytopathogenic oomycete Aphanomyces cochlioidesp. 131
Reporter genes: applications to the study of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and their symbiotic interactions with plant rootsp. 143
A. Comparison of root characteristics in relation to nutrient and water stress in two maize hybridsp. 157
Fibrous root turnover and growth in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera) as affected by nitrogen shortagep. 169
The effects of elevated atmospheric CO[subscript 2] and soil P placement on cotton root deploymentp. 179
Genotypic and environmental variations in root morphology in rice genotypes under upland field conditionsp. 189
Regulation of root development in sweetpotato and cassava by soil moisture during their establishment periodp. 201
Histological observation of secondary aerenchyma formed immediately after flooding in Sesbania cannabina and S. rostratap. 209
Physiological implications of ultradian oscillations in plant rootsp. 217
Responses of root length/leaf area ratio and specific root length of an understory herb, Pteridophyllum racemosum, to increases in irradiancep. 227
Oxidative stress triggered by aluminum in plant rootsp. 239
Rapid changes in levels of mineral nutrients in root-tip cells following short-term exposure to aluminiump. 245
Fine root growth and element concentrations of Norway spruce as affected by wood ash and liquid fertilisationp. 253
Rooting strategy of naturally regenerated beech in Silver birch and Scots pine woodlandsp. 265
Root system development of Larix gmelinii trees affected by micro-scale conditions of permafrost soils in central Siberiap. 281
Root growth characteristics, biomass and nutrient dynamics of seedlings of two larch species raised under different fertilization regimesp. 293
Growth characteristics of root-shoot relations of three birch seedlings raised under different water regimesp. 303
Seasonal changes in the contribution of root respiration to total soil respiration in a cool-temperate deciduous forestp. 311
Subsoil root activity in tree-based cropping systemsp. 319
Tomato root distribution, yield and fruit quality under subsurface drip irrigationp. 333
Effect of organic and inorganic fertigation on yield, [delta][superscript 15]N values, and [delta][superscript 13]C values of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Saturn)p. 343
Non-invasive imaging of roots with high resolution X-ray micro-tomographyp. 351
Simultaneous X-ray imaging of plant root growth and water uptake in thin-slab systemsp. 361
Comparison of tomato root distributions by minirhizotron and destructive samplingp. 375
Analysis of root images from auger sampling with a fast procedure: a case of application to sugar beetp. 387
A new approach for the quantification of root-cap mucilage exudation in the soilp. 399
Root-pressure driven xylem sap flow in greenhouse melon (Cucumis melo L.): diurnal change and the effects of shading, growth stage, rootstock and fruit numberp. 409
Suppression of nitrification and nitrous oxide emission by the tropical grass Brachiaria humidicolap. 413
Root carbon contributions to soil aggregate formation and functionp. 421
Root response to mechanical stress in plants growing on slopes: an experimental system for morphological, biochemical and molecular analysisp. 427
Transient resistance to root growth inhibition by moderate water stress: A possible explanationp. 439
Plant health effects of Acremonium root endophytes compared to those of arbuscular mycorrhizap. 445
Effects of root pruning and root zone restriction on spikelet fertility of paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) under cool water conditionp. 455
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402015793
ISBN-10: 1402015798
Series: Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences : Book 101
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 460
Published: 30th November 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 26.57 x 20.22  x 2.59
Weight (kg): 1.28

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