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Romanticism in Science : Science in Europe, 1790-1840 - Stefano Poggi

Romanticism in Science

Science in Europe, 1790-1840

By: B. Van Straalen, Stefano Poggi (Editor), Maurizio Bossi (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st January 1994
ISBN: 9780792323365
Number Of Pages: 256

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Romanticism in all its expression communicated a vision of the essential interconnectedness and harmony of the universe. The romantic concept of knowledge was decidedly unitary, but, in the period between 1790 and 1840, the special emphasis it placed on observation and research led to an unprecedented accumulation of data, accompanied by a rapid growth in scientific specialization. An example of the tensions created by this development is to be found in the scientists' congresses which attempted a first response to the fragmentation of scientific research.
The problem concerning the unitary concept of knowledge in that period, and the new views of the world which were generated are the subject of this book. The articles it contains are all based on original research by an international group of highly specialized scholars. Their research probes a wide range of issues, from the heirs of Naturphilosophie, to the `life sciences', and to the debate on `Baconian Sciences', as well as examining many aspects of mathematics, physics and chemistry. History of philosophy and history of science scholars will find this book an essential reference work, as well as all those interested in 19th century history in general. Undergraduate and graduate students will also find here angles and topics that have hitherto been largely neglected.

Acknowledgements
Preface
Introduction
Wechselwirkung in the Life and Other Sciences: A Word, New Claims and a Concept Around 1800 ... and Much Laterp. 1
Geometry and "Metaphysics of Space" in Gauss and Riemannp. 15
Romanticism versus Enlightenment: Sir Humphry Davy's Idea of Chemical Philosophyp. 31
Lamarck and the Birth of Biology 1740-1810p. 47
On the Origin of Romantic Biology and Its Further Development at the University of Jena Between 1790 and 1850p. 75
"Nature Is an Organized Whole": J.F. Fries's Reformulation of Kant's Philosophy of Organismp. 91
The Anthropological Theory of Johann Friedrich Blumenbachp. 103
Soemmerring, Kant and the Organ of the Soulp. 127
Neurology and Biology in the Romantic Age in Germany: Canrus, Burdach, Gall, von Baerp. 143
From Romantic Naturphilosophie to a Theory of Scientific Method for the Medical Disciplinesp. 161
Romanticism and Dutch Scientistsp. 175
The Unity of Teaching and Researchp. 189
Linguistics and Modern Philology in Germany 1800-1840 as 'Scientific' Subjects and as University Disciplinesp. 203
The Unity of Nature and Mind: Gustav Theodor Fechner's Non-Reductive Materialismp. 215
Indexp. 237
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792323365
ISBN-10: 079232336X
Series: NATO Asi Series. Series E, Applied Sciences
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 31st January 1994
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.55

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