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Risky Transactions : Trust, Kinship and Ethnicity - Frank K. Salter

Risky Transactions

Trust, Kinship and Ethnicity

By: Frank K. Salter (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 30th July 2002
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Trust is a central feature of relationships within the Mafia, oppressed minorities, kin groups everywhere, among dissidents, nationalist freedom fighters, ethnic tourists, ethnic middlemen, exchange networks of Kalahari Bushmen, and families subjected to Stalinist social control. Each of these types of trust is examined by a leading scholar and compared with the expectations of neo-Darwinian theory, in particular the theories of kin selection and ethnic nepotism. The result is a fascinating, theoretically focused yet empirically eclectic contribution to the overlapping fields of human ethnology, evolutionary psychology, and bio-politics. The common thread uniting these diverse phenomena is a trusting relationship predicated on altruism. Chapters examine the strengths and limits of human trust under various stressers and temptations to defect.

By exploring the relationship between kin and ethnic altruism and showing its sensitivity to culture, Risky Transactions recasts the evolutionary approach to ethnicity as a blend of primordial and instrumental factors.

List of Figures and Mapp. vii
List of Tablesp. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Notes on Contributorsp. xiii
Introduction
From Mafia to freedom fighters: Questions raised by ethology and sociobiologyp. 3
Ethnography
Taking the risk out of risky transactions: A forager's dilemmap. 21
Psychological mechanisms
Kith-and-kin rationality in risky choices: Theoretical modelling and cross-cultural empirical testingp. 47
Altruism begins at home: Evidence for a kin selection heuristic sensitive to the costs and benefits of helpingp. 71
Risky business, illicit and licit
Mafia and blood symbolismp. 109
Cognitive and classificatory foundations of trust and informal institutions: A new and expanded theory of ethnic trading networksp. 129
Oppressed families and minorities
Risky transactions under a totalitarian regime: The Romanian casep. 145
Strategies for mitigating risk among Jewish groupsp. 151
AIDS, the U.S. Supreme Court, and Tourism
Ethnicity, transactional risk of HIV, and male homosexual partnering behaviourp. 175
Dialect, sex and risk effects on judges' questioning of counsel in Supreme Court oral argumentp. 189
Risk and deceit in transient, non-repeated interactions: The case of tourismp. 205
Evolutionary syntheses
Ethnic solidarity as risk avoidance: An evolutionary viewp. 219
Ethnic nepotism as a two-edged sword: The risk-mitigating role of ethnicity among mafiosi, nationalist fighters, middlemen, and dissidentsp. 243
Subject Indexp. 291
Name Indexp. 297
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781571813190
ISBN-10: 1571813195
Series: Berghahn Ser.
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 30th July 2002
Publisher: Berghahn Books, Incorporated
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 15.19  x 1.7
Weight (kg): 0.43