Trust is a central feature of relationships within the Mafia, oppressed minorities, kin groups everywhere, among dissidents, nationalist freedom fighters, ethnic tourists, ethnic middlemen, exchange networks of Kalahari Bushmen, and families subjected to Stalinist social control. Each of these types of trust is examined by a leading scholar and compared with the expectations of neo-Darwinian theory, in particular the theories of kin selection and ethnic nepotism. The result is a fascinating, theoretically focused yet empirically eclectic contribution to the overlapping fields of human ethnology, evolutionary psychology, and bio-politics. The common thread uniting these diverse phenomena is a trusting relationship predicated on altruism. Chapters examine the strengths and limits of human trust under various stressers and temptations to defect.
By exploring the relationship between kin and ethnic altruism and showing its sensitivity to culture, Risky Transactions recasts the evolutionary approach to ethnicity as a blend of primordial and instrumental factors.
Frank K. Salter is a Researcher at the Max-Planck-Institute for Behavioral Physiology and the Center for Human Sciences, University of Munich.
|List of Figures and Map||p. vii|
|List of Tables||p. ix|
|Notes on Contributors||p. xiii|
|From Mafia to freedom fighters: Questions raised by ethology and sociobiology||p. 3|
|Taking the risk out of risky transactions: A forager's dilemma||p. 21|
|Kith-and-kin rationality in risky choices: Theoretical modelling and cross-cultural empirical testing||p. 47|
|Altruism begins at home: Evidence for a kin selection heuristic sensitive to the costs and benefits of helping||p. 71|
|Risky business, illicit and licit|
|Mafia and blood symbolism||p. 109|
|Cognitive and classificatory foundations of trust and informal institutions: A new and expanded theory of ethnic trading networks||p. 129|
|Oppressed families and minorities|
|Risky transactions under a totalitarian regime: The Romanian case||p. 145|
|Strategies for mitigating risk among Jewish groups||p. 151|
|AIDS, the U.S. Supreme Court, and Tourism|
|Ethnicity, transactional risk of HIV, and male homosexual partnering behaviour||p. 175|
|Dialect, sex and risk effects on judges' questioning of counsel in Supreme Court oral argument||p. 189|
|Risk and deceit in transient, non-repeated interactions: The case of tourism||p. 205|
|Ethnic solidarity as risk avoidance: An evolutionary view||p. 219|
|Ethnic nepotism as a two-edged sword: The risk-mitigating role of ethnicity among mafiosi, nationalist fighters, middlemen, and dissidents||p. 243|
|Subject Index||p. 291|
|Name Index||p. 297|
|Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: Berghahn Ser.
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 1st July 2002
Publisher: BERGHAHN BOOKS INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24 x 1.7
Weight (kg): 0.43