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Rights : A Critical Introduction - Tom Campbell


A Critical Introduction

Paperback Published: 16th November 2005
ISBN: 9780415281157
Number Of Pages: 229

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We take rights to be fundamental to everyday life. Rights are also controversial and hotly debated both in theory and practice. Where do rights come from? Are they invented or discovered? What sort of rights are there and who is entitled to them? In this comprehensive introduction, Tom Campbell introduces and critically examines the key philosophical debates about rights.
The first part of the book covers historical and contemporary theories of rights, including the origin and variety of rights and standard justifications of them. He considers challenges to rights from philosophers such as Bentham, Burke and Marx. He also examines different theories of rights, such as natural law, social contract, utilitarian and communitarian theories of rights and the philosophers and political theorists associated with them, such as John Stuart Mill, John Rawls, Robert Nozick and Michael Sandel. The second part of the book explores the role of rights-promoting institutions and critically assesses legal rights and international human rights, including the United Nations. The final part of the book examines how philosophies of rights can be applied to freedom of speech, issues of social welfare and the question of self-determination for certain groups or peoples.
Rights: A Critical Introduction is essential reading for anyone new to the subject of rights and any student of political philosophy, politics and law.

Preface: Exploring rightsp. xi
The Discourses of Rightsp. 1
The reputation of rightsp. 3
Historical ups and downsp. 5
Four critiques of rightsp. 11
Preserving the reputation of rightsp. 20
Varieties of rightsp. 22
Right and rightsp. 24
Rights and rulesp. 27
A typology of rightsp. 30
Human rightsp. 34
The rights approachp. 39
Conclusionp. 41
Theories of rightsp. 43
Will or interests?p. 43
Who can have rights?p. 47
What rights do they have?p. 51
What rights ought they to have?p. 54
Conclusionp. 61
Political ideologies and their rightsp. 62
Rawls and the social contractp. 63
Libertarianismp. 68
Communitarianismp. 72
Republicanismp. 75
Feminismp. 76
Conclusionp. 78
The Institutions of Rightsp. 81
Legal rightsp. 87
Rights and remediesp. 88
Formal rule of lawp. 91
Substantive rule of lawp. 93
Bills of rightsp. 95
Conclusionp. 102
International human rightsp. 103
International courtsp. 107
Human rights interventionp. 111
Cultural diversityp. 116
Conclusionp. 120
Rights and civil societyp. 122
Civil societyp. 123
Economic entities and human rightsp. 126
Sphere-specific rightsp. 129
Conclusionp. 133
Three Human Rightsp. 135
Freedom of speechp. 141
Free speech rationalesp. 142
Critiquesp. 148
Implications and institutionsp. 154
Conclusionp. 155
Sustenancep. 157
Economic and social rightsp. 159
Institutionalising a right to sustenancep. 163
Justice or humanityp. 165
Conclusionp. 169
Self-determinationp. 171
Collective rightsp. 172
Collective self-determinationp. 178
Varieties of self-determinationp. 181
Answering the criticsp. 187
A Theory of Rightsp. 189
Democratic positivismp. 193
The positivismp. 194
The democracyp. 196
The critiquesp. 199
The questionsp. 204
Conclusionp. 207
A literature mapp. 208
Notesp. 212
Bibliographyp. 217
Indexp. 225
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415281157
ISBN-10: 0415281156
Series: Routledge Contemporary Political Philosophy
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 229
Published: 16th November 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.39
Edition Number: 1