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Researching Education : Data, Methods and Theory in Educational Enquiry - David Scott

Researching Education

Data, Methods and Theory in Educational Enquiry

Paperback Published: 16th December 2010
ISBN: 9781441101662
Number Of Pages: 224

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This book examines the philosophical, historical, political and social contexts of research and the implications of these for the collection and analysis of data. "Researching Education" looks at the theory and practice of researching education and examines the philosophical, historical, political and social contexts of research and the implications of these for the collection and analysis of data. Scott and Usher argue that while power is ever present in the construction of research texts, this is inevitable as research imposes a closure of the world through representations and thus is always and inevitably involved with and implicated in the operation of power. The authors provide a theoretical framework against previously compiled research can be judged to stimulates further study and consider key questions: What is legitimate knowledge? What is the relationship between the collection and analysis of data? How does the researcher's presence in the field impact on their data? This new edition has been completely revised to reflect new insights into education research and educational research methodology and the impact of recent political initiatives. "Researching Education" is invaluable reading for educational and social researchers as well as postgraduate and doctoral students.

'A rigorous and thought-provoking text which challenges the intellectual sloppiness that informs much educational research. The book challenges us constantly to reconsider our own assumptions and those of others in evaluating the claims that are made about what research does and does not, can or cannot, tell us.' Richard Edwards, Professor of Education and Head of The Stirling Institute of Education, University of Stirling, UK
'An elegant tour through the key philosophical positions on research and a detailed and practical description of approaches and methods common in educational research. It will serve as an excellent text for new researchers and those wishing to understand the implications of the approaches and methods they are using.' Alison Lee, Professor of Education and Director of the Centre for Research in Learning and Change, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

List of Illustrationsp. viii
Acknowledgementsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Preamblep. 1
Conspectusp. 3
Knowledge and Philosophy
Philosophical Issues in Educational Researchp. 9
Philosophyp. 9
Epistemoiogyp. 11
Positivismp. 12
Representational realismp. 14
Textualityp. 18
Postmodern critiquesp. 23
Critical Approaches to Researchp. 26
Interpretivist/hermeneutic approachesp. 27
Critical theoryp. 35
Action researchp. 41
Forms of Reasoningp. 48
Inductionp. 48
Deductionp. 51
Retroductionp. 53
Abductionp. 54
Strategies and Methods
Experiments and Quasi-Experimentsp. 61
Internal validityp. 62
External validityp. 63
One-off case study designp. 63
Single-group experimental designp. 64
The static group comparisonp. 65
The pre-test and post-test control group designp. 66
Factorial designp. 68
The problem of timep. 70
Survey and Correlational Designsp. 77
Samplingp. 78
Statistical Processesp. 80
'School Matters: The Junior Years'p. 81
Causalityp. 84
Qualitative Research Design, Case Study and Theory Buildingp. 89
Logical inferencep. 91
Case studyp. 92
Quality/quantityp. 95
Epistemology/ontologyp. 99
Communicative competencep. 102
Observationp. 105
Participationp. 105
Instrument structurep. 109
Fitness for purposep. 112
Interviewsp. 115
Interview structurep. 115
Epistemological and ontological frameworksp. 120
Power relationsp. 121
Biographical and Autobiographical Methodsp. 125
Biography/autobiographyp. 126
Phmomenotogical/structural approachesp. 128
The textp. 129
Themes and Issues
Ethics and Educational Researchp. 135
Covert researchp. 137
Open democratic reseachp. 139
Open autocratic researchp. 142
Evaluation and Researchp. 144
Differencesp. 144
Commonalitiesp. 146
Criteria for Evaluating Researchp. 149
Naturalistic inquiryp. 153
Alternative criteriap. 155
Examining research textsp. 157
Internal and external criteriap. 158
Types of judgementp. 159
Evidence in judgementp. 162
Parasitic criteriap. 164
External criteriap. 167
Concluding remarksp. 169
Transgressive Researchp. 170
A postmodern approachp. 170
Feminist approaches to researchp. 177
Radical research practicesp. 184
Referencesp. 190
Subject Indexp. 197
Author Indexp. 201
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781441101662
ISBN-10: 1441101667
Series: Continuum Research Methods
Audience: BAC
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 16th December 2010
Publisher: Continuum Publishing Corporation
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 1