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Research and Relevant Knowledge : American Research Universities Since World War II - Roger L. Geiger

Research and Relevant Knowledge

American Research Universities Since World War II

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Published: 30th April 2004
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The rise of American research universities to international preeminence constitutes one of the most important episodes in the history of higher education. Research and Relevant Knowledge follows Geiger's earlier volume on American research universities from 1900 to 1940. This second work is the first study to trace this momentous development in the post-World War II period. It describes how the federal government first relied on university scientists during the war, and how the resulting relationship set the pattern for the postwar mushrooming of academic research.

The first half of the book analyzes the development of the postwar system of academic research, exploring the contributions of foundations, defense agencies, and universities. The second half depicts the rise of the "golden age" of academic research in the years after Sputnik (1957) and its eventual dissolution at the end of the 1960s graduate education. When the federal patron soon reduced its largesse, university students took the lead in challenging the putative hegemony of academic research. The loss of consensus quickly brought the malaise of the 1970s--stagnation, frustration, and equivocation about the research role. The final chapter appraises the renaissance of the 1980s, based largely on a rapprochement with the private sector, and ends by evaluating the embattled status of research universities at the beginning of the 1990s.

Research and Relevant Knowledge provides the first authoritative analytical account of American research universities during their most fateful half-century. It will be of critical importance to all those concerned with the future of higher education in the United States.

Roger L. Geiger is Distinguished Professor of Higher Education at the Pennsylvania State University. He has edited the History of Higher Education Annual since 1993, was a section editor for the Encyclopedia of Higher Education, and is the author of The American College in the Nineteenth Century, Private Sectors in Higher Education, and To Advance Knowledge, available from Transaction.

Tables
Abbreviations
Origins of the Federal Research Economyp. 3
The Organization of Research for Warp. 3
Universities and War Researchp. 6
Postwar Federal Science Policyp. 13
The Postwar Federal Research Economyp. 19
Research Universities in the Postwar Era, 1945-1957p. 30
From War to Peace to Cold Warp. 30
The Burdens of Financep. 40
Organized Research in Postwar Universitiesp. 47
An Autonomous Research Mission and Its Discontentsp. 58
The Development of Universities in the Postwar Erap. 62
The Massachusetts Institute of Technologyp. 63
The University of California, Berkeleyp. 73
Yale Universityp. 82
Private Foundations and the Research Universities, 1945-1960p. 92
Foundations and Academic Social Sciencep. 94
Foundation Support for University Advancementp. 110
University Advancement from the Postwar Era to the 1960sp. 117
Stanford Universityp. 118
The University of California, Los Angelesp. 135
The University of Pittsburghp. 146
The Transformation of Federal Research Support in the Sputnik Erap. 157
The 1950s Research Economy and the Rise of NSFp. 157
Sputnikp. 161
The Politics of Academic Sciencep. 166
Federal Support and the Golden Age of Academic Sciencep. 173
The Golden Age on Campus: The Research Universities in the 1960sp. 198
The Evolving University: Contemporary Perceptionsp. 198
Changing Patterns of Research and New Research Universitiesp. 203
Academic Quality and Institutional Developmentp. 211
Graduate Education in the 1960sp. 217
Dissolution of a Consensusp. 230
The Student Rebellionp. 230
The Financial Crisis of the Research Universitiesp. 243
A Deeper Malaisep. 252
Surviving the Seventiesp. 270
The State of Universities in the Mid-1970sp. 270
The University of Arizonap. 273
Georgia Institute of Technologyp. 283
Private Industry and University Researchp. 296
The New Era of the 1980sp. 310
Turning Outwardp. 310
Research in the 1980sp. 310
Centrifugal Forcesp. 326
Research Universities and American Societyp. 331
Notesp. 339
Indexp. 405
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780765805690
ISBN-10: 0765805693
Series: Transaction Series in Higher Education
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 434
Published: 30th April 2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.8
Edition Type: New edition