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Remote Sensing in Snow Hydrology : Runoff Modelling, Effect of Climate Change - Klaus Seidel

Remote Sensing in Snow Hydrology

Runoff Modelling, Effect of Climate Change

Hardcover

Published: 1st May 2004
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Initially, the role of snow and ice in the global water balance is assessed and methods of snow measurements are explained. Remote sensing is dealt with with regard to periodical snow cover mapping. Last advances and refinements refer to spatial resolution, cloud interference and separate monitoring of snow and glacier ice. Following a review of snow melt and runoff modelling, the Snowmelt Runoff Model (SRM) demonstrates the merits of remote sensing in snow hydrology by using the satellite data as a direct input variable. Applications in over 100 mountain basins around the world are documented, with surface areas ranging from 0.3 km2 to 900.000 km2. Based on runoff modelling, runoff forecasts are dealt with including seasonal and short term forecasts as well as computation of hydrographs from forecasted temperatures and precipitation. The climate change is becoming a major concern of our times. The effect of various climate scenarios on the seasonal snow cover and runoff is evaluated by the updated computer program which also enable the real-time runoff forecasts to be improved. As a final note, a method is outlined to predict the decline of glaciers in the warming climate.

Preface
Abbreviations
List of figures
List of tables
List of colour plates
Introductionp. 1
Snow and ice in the global water balancep. 3
Snow measurements and remote sensing of snowp. 7
Seasonal snow cover and runoffp. 17
Areal extent of the seasonal snow coverp. 23
Snow cover mapping based on remote sensing satellite datap. 33
Snowmelt runoff modelsp. 63
Runoff modelling in glaciated basinsp. 85
Snowmelt runoff forecastsp. 93
Runoff simulations in ungauged basinsp. 109
Modelling the snow cover and runoff in a changed climatep. 115
Appendix : snowmelt runoff model (SRM) computer programsp. 135
Referencesp. 139
Indexp. 147
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540408802
ISBN-10: 3540408800
Series: Springer Praxis Books
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 150
Published: 1st May 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 17.0  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.61