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Relators and Linkers: Volume 47 : The Syntax of Predication, Predicate Inversion, and Copulas - Marcel den Dikken

Relators and Linkers: Volume 47

The Syntax of Predication, Predicate Inversion, and Copulas

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In "Relators and Linkers," Marcel den Dikken presents a syntax of predication and the inversion of the predicate around its subject, emphasizing meaningless elements (elements with no semantic load) that play an essential role in the establishment and syntactic manipulation of predication relationships. One such element, the RELATOR, mediates the relationship between a predicate and its subject in the base representation of predication structures. A second, the LINKER, connects the predicate to its subject in Predicate Inversion constructions. Den Dikken argues that all subject-predicate relationships are syntactically mediated by a RELATOR and that predication relationships in syntax are configurationally asymmetrical and non-directional. Discussing the inversion of the predicate around its subject and the distribution of LINKER elements surfacing between the inverted predicate and the subject, den Dikken presents an in-depth analysis of Predicate Inversion from the perspective of the minimalist theory of locality. Among the features by which "Relators and Linkers" distinguishes itself from past studies of predication is a detailed investigation of predication and Predicate Inversion inside the complex nominal phrase that makes a carefully documented case for the existence of two types of qualitative binominal noun phrases, one exploiting a predicate-specifier structure and the other employing a predicate-complement structure "cum" Predicate Inversion. Empirical data includes examples not only from English and Dutch but also from Hungarian, Hebrew, French, Italian, Spanish, Mandarin Chinese, and other languages. Den Dikken's analysis, cast in terms of the theory of generative grammar, fruitfully brings Chomskyan minimalist principles to bear on the discussion of predication and Predicate Inversion.

"This is den Dikken in top form. Copula constructions and predicate inversion are among the most central and most vexing problems in grammar. Trust den Dikken to defend a theory that is both original and inspiring, controversial and thoroughly argued, far-reaching and broadly documented. *Relators and Linkers* is a must."--Henk van Riemsdijk, Models of Grammar Group, Tilburg University, The Netherlands "*The Syntax of (In)dependence* is a very impressive piece of work, offering a fresh and illuminating perspective on many of the central problems in the theory of anaphora and variable binding. It provides a good summary of the relevant literature over the past twenty-five years and moves beyond that literature with a comprehensive and compelling new approach. Scholars who have worked on these problems will find much that is new here, including a few vigorous challenges to some long-held factual generalizations. Students encountering these issues for the first time will find this a challenging but definitely rewarding read, and a good entree into the field."--Tim Stowell, Department of Linguistics, University of California, Los Angeles

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
The Syntactic Configuration of Predictionp. 7
The Meaning of Predicationp. 8
The Syntax of Predicationp. 11
A Brief Historical Interlude on Internal Subjectsp. 17
On The Nature of Lexical Headsp. 20
On the Nature of the RELATORp. 22
Adjectival and Adverbial Modification as Predicationp. 29
Predication Alternationsp. 43
Reverse Predications as Primary Predicationsp. 47
Concluding Remarks on the Syntactic Configuration of Predicationp. 55
Small Clauses and Copular Sentencesp. 57
Small Clausesp. 58
Copular Sentencesp. 64
Conclusions and Prospectsp. 79
Predicate Inversion: Why and How?p. 81
Predicate Inversion as A-Movementp. 82
Predicate Inversion: Why?p. 87
Predicate Inversion: How?p. 110
Predicate Inversion and the Postverbial Subjectp. 117
Predicate Inversion and the Distribution of the LINKERp. 143
Concluding Remarksp. 151
Appendix: On the Limited Distribution of Copular Inversionp. 152
Predication and Predicate Inversion inside the Nominal Phasep. 161
Qualitative Binominal Noun Phrases and the Nondirectionality of Predicationp. 162
Attributive QBNPs: A Predicate-Specifier Structurep. 165
Comparative QBNPs: An Inverted Predicate-Complement Structurep. 172
Quantification in Qualitative Binominal Noun Phrasesp. 186
Real and "Spurious" Articles in Qualitative Binominal Noun Phrasesp. 198
The Nominal Copulap. 212
Other Cases of Predication and Predicate Inversion inside the Nominal Phrasep. 222
Concluding Remarksp. 245
Predication, RELATORS, and LINKERSp. 247
Notesp. 251
Referencesp. 311
Indexp. 331
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262541862
ISBN-10: 0262541866
Series: Linguistic Inquiry Monographs
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 363
Published: 20th January 2006
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.5

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