Drug courts offer radically new ways to deal with the legal and social problems presented by repeat drug offenders, often dismissing criminal charges as an incentive for participation in therapeutic programs. Since the first drug court opened in 1989 in Florida, close to 600 have been established throughout the United States. Although some observers have questioned their efficacy, no one until now has constructed an overall picture of the drug court phenomenon and its place in an American history of the social control of drugs. Here James Nolan examines not only how therapeutic strategies deviate from traditional judiciary proceedings, but also how these differences reflect changes afoot in American culture and conceptions of justice.
Nolan draws upon extensive fieldwork to analyze a new type of courtroom drama in which the judge engages directly and regularly with the defendant-turned-client, lawyers play a reduced and less adversarial role, and treatment providers exert unprecedented influence in determining judicially imposed sanctions. The author considers the intended as well as unexpected consequences of therapeutic jurisprudence: for example, behavior undergoes a pathological reinterpretation, guilt is discredited, and the client's life story and ability to convince the judge of his or her willingness to change take on a new importance. Nolan finds that, fueled in part by the strength of therapeutic sensibilities in American culture, the drug court movement continues to expand and advances with it new understandings of the meaning and practice of justice.
"Beautifully written... Those involved with drug courts in any capacity and all those concerned with criminal law, the philosophy of punishment, or changing conceptions of justice in contemporary America will welcome this book."--Harvard Law Review "[In this] first full-length study of drug courts... Nolan recounts an engaging story and provides a penetrating analysis contrasting the styles of therapeutic and conventional notions of justice... Sociologists, political scientists, and criminologists interested in treatment, 'alternative' programming, and the judicial process should read this fine study."--Choice "An excellent book. It is a traditional ethnography in the best sense of the term... Well-organized, cleverly situated in the relevant legal, historical, and sociological literatures, and written with appealing clarity."--John M. Conley, American Journal of Sociology "Reinventing Justice establishes a benchmark for work that will inevitably follow...The author's objectivity distinguishes this book from the promotional and the evaluative literature on drug court. Nolan's account of the evaluation literature is one of the best that I have read."--Drew Humphries, Contemporary Sociology "Nolan's book is a detailed and well-written account of drug courts and his method is well suited for the story he tells... [He] makes valuable contributions to our understanding of how the therapeutic ideal ... is actually put into practice."--Jason Schnittker, Social Forces "Reinventing Justice describes, in fine ethnographic detail, what Nolan saw and heard in countless hours of observation and interviews with drug court judges... Extraordinarily illuminating."--Contexts "[Nolan] convincingly situates drug courts as a social movement and illustrates their success as such. This is an important book for scholars of the drug court movement. It forces us to consider the broader cultural meanings and implications for facilitating therapy through courtroom machinery. It critically juxtaposes the underlying assumptions of therapeutic jurisprudence against conventional frames of justice and raises important questions about the implications."--Corey J. Colyer, International Criminal Justice Review
Acknowledgments ixIntroduction 31. Drugs and Law: An Historical Perspective 152. The Drup Court Movement 393. Therapeutic Theater 614. The Un-Common Law 905. Drug Court Storytelling 1116. The Pathological Shift 1337. The Meaning of Justice 1558. Reinventing Justice 185Notes 209Selected References 241Index 249
Series: Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 26th January 2003
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 15.24
Weight (kg): 0.37