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Regulating Toxic Substances : A Philosophy of Science and the Law - Carl F. Cranor

Regulating Toxic Substances

A Philosophy of Science and the Law

Paperback Published: 9th October 1997
ISBN: 9780195113785
Number Of Pages: 272

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The proliferation of chemical substances in commerce poses scientific and philosophical problems. The scientific challenge is to develop data, methodologies, and techniques for identifying and assessing toxic substances before they cause harm to human beings and the environment. The philosophical problem is how much scientific information we should demand for this task consistent with other social goals we might have. In this book, Cranor utilizes material from ethics, philosophy of law, epidemiology, tort law, regulatory law, and risk assessment, to argue that the scientific evidential standards used in tort law and administrative law to control toxics ought to be evaluated with the purposes of the law in mind. Demanding too much for this purpose will slow the evaluation and lead to an excess of toxic substances left unidentified and unassessed, thus leaving the public at risk. Demanding too little may impose other costs. An appropriate balance between these social concerns must be found. Justice requires we use evidentiary standards more appropriate to the legal institutions in question and resist the temptation to demand the most intensive scientific evaluation of each substance subject to legal action.

Industry Reviews

"Strong in its analysis of science, law, and philosophy, Cranor compellingly demonstrates that the amount of science required in public decisions about toxic substances is an important philosophical issue. This book should both help clarify the debate about toxic substance and restore ethical reasoning to its central place of importance in public discourse about the hazards of toxic substances."--Environmental Law Forum "An important contribution to the interdisciplinary review of public policy, primarily in its examination of the assumptions and implications of contemporary risk assessment practices in judicial and regulatory settings."--Ethics "The author is uniquely qualified to examine these issues....In addition to developing his own view, the author provides a wealth of historical information about how risk has been managed in our society. Highly recommended for both academics who study risk and professionals who perform and implement risk analyses."--Choice "Strong in its analysis of science, law, and philosophy, Cranor compellingly demonstrates that the amount of science required in public decisions about toxic substances is an important philosophical issue. This book should both help clarify the debate about toxic substance and restore ethical reasoning to its central place of importance in public discourse about the hazards of toxic substances."--Environmental Law Forum "A detailed and absorbing piece of research that demonstrates the immense practical importance of ethical theories."--Times Higher Education Supplement "An interesting vantage point from which readers are challenged to reflect on many socially important risk management issues. For that reason, his analysis is useful and well worth careful study."--Risk: Health, Safety & Environment "An important contribution to the fields of environmental and toxic tort law. It presents a provocative argument entailing scientific, legal, and ethical aspects of regulating toxic substances....Well written, extensively documented, and thought provoking. It deserves a place on your bookshelf."--Shepard's Expert and Scientific Evidence Quarterly "A thoughtful analysis of the scientific and philosophical issues arising in the context of toxic substance regulation....Should be read by all those interested in administrative law and tort law and who are involved in regulating toxic substances or in litigating toxic tort cases....Thought-provoking and persuasive."--Harvard Journal of Law & Technology "An extraordinary contribution in uncovering the ethical and normative questions hidden in the regulatory debate about hazardous substances. After looking closely at the scientific questions, Dr. Cranor shows why regulatory and legal decisionmaking about toxic substances must be understood primarily as normative in character. This book will help both to bring clarity to the debate about toxic substances and restore ethical reasoning to its appropriate central position in public discourse about environmental hazards."--Donald A. Brown, Esq., Director, Department of Environmental Resources, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania "[Cranor's] argument merits the attention of anyone seriously interested in regulatory risk assessment."--Issues in Science and Technology "Thought-provoking and offers fuel for debate on this complex topic....The book can be easily read and understood by both the technical and nontechnical reader, and is recommended to those involved in the science of toxicology, regulators, and the legal profession."--Journal of the Institute of Environmental Sciences "This book will help anyone interested in justifications for regulatory toxicology, and those concerned with more specialised aspects of the legal-scientific interface, whether as technical experts or regulatory assessors."--Human & Experimental Toxicology "This book is a very thoughtful and useful addition to the risk assessment dialogue."--Environmental History Review

ISBN: 9780195113785
ISBN-10: 0195113780
Series: Environmental Ethics & Science Policy
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 9th October 1997
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.47 x 15.62  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.44

Earn 165 Qantas Points
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