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Refined Tastes : Sugar, Confectionery, and Consumers in Nineteenth-Century America - Wendy A. Woloson

Refined Tastes

Sugar, Confectionery, and Consumers in Nineteenth-Century America

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American consumers today regard sugar as a mundane and sometimes even troublesome substance linked to hyperactivity in children and other health concerns. Yet two hundred years ago American consumers treasured sugar as a rare commodity and consumed it only in small amounts. In Refined Tastes: Sugar, Confectionery, and Consumers in Nineteenth-Century America, Wendy A. Woloson demonstrates how the cultural role of sugar changed from being a precious luxury good to a ubiquitous necessity. Sugar became a social marker that established and reinforced class and gender differences.

During the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Woloson explains, the social elite saw expensive sugar and sweet confections as symbols of their wealth. As refined sugar became more affordable and accessible, new confections -- children's candy, ice cream, and wedding cakes -- made their way into American culture, acquiring a broad array of social meanings. Originally signifying male economic prowess, sugar eventually became associated with femininity and women's consumerism. Woloson's work offers a vivid account of this social transformation -- along with the emergence of consumer culture in America.

Examing the multivocal sources of advertising and prescriptive literature, the author pieces together the complex messages to nineteenth-century women in particular about the acceptable consumption of sweets. -- Elizabeth P. Stewart New York History A unique exploration of the influences of sugar on the cultural and societal norms and mores of the 19th-century U.S... Despite the inherent levity of the subject matter, Refined Tastes is a scholarly work with an extensive bibiography that will appeal to scholars of American history as well as those interested in family and consumer studies from a historical aspect. Choice It is a mine of information that will appeal as much to the historian as to the 'foodie', to the social anthropologist as to the pastry chef... While the book is clearly a fine document of social history, much of it feels as relevant and pertinent today as ever. -- Natalie Savona World Sugar History Newsletter Elegantly structured and beautifully written... As simply an explanation of how Americans became such avid consumers of sugar, this book is superb and can be recommended highly. -- Ken Albala Winterthur Portfolio Wonderful evidence... Woloson's book shows us just how indispensable the history of material culture is to any understanding of consumer culture. -- Elizabeth Alice White Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Woloson provides an enlightening tale about the social identity of sweets, how they contain not just chewy centers but rich meanings about gender, about the natural world, and about consumerism. -- Cindy Ott Enterprise and Society A fascinating dissection of themes relating to the democratization of sugar and confectionery in American culture from about 1790 to 1910. -- Laura Mason Gastronomica Refined Tastes provides us with a better understanding of the ambivalent attitude we have today toward sweets and sweetness. -- Bryan F. Le Beau Journal of American History [Woloson] does a fine job tracing the development of sugar both as an industrial as well as a cultural commodity. Her account is deftly peppered with details. -- Bryan Wuthrich H-Business, H-Net Reviews A thoroughly researched, exceptionally well-written, and very accessible account of the incorporation and transformation of sugar within American food and foodways in the nineteenth century. -- Susan J. Terrio American Historical Review A new and innovative way of looking at consumer appetites and culture. -- Susan Matt Journal of Social History

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introduction: Refining Tastesp. 1
Sugarcoating History: The Rise of Sweetsp. 17
Sweet Youth: Children and Candyp. 32
Cold Comforts: Ice Creamp. 66
Sinfully Sweet: Chocolates and Bonbonsp. 109
The Icing on the Cake: Ornamental Sugar Workp. 155
Home Sweet Home: Domesticated Sugarp. 187
Conclusion: The Sweet Surrenderp. 222
Postscript: The Sweet and Low Downp. 227
Notesp. 237
Essay on Sourcesp. 263
Indexp. 269
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780801868764
ISBN-10: 0801868769
Series: The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 26th March 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.59