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Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions : Thomas S.Kuhn's Philosophy of Science - Paul Hoyningen-Huene

Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions

Thomas S.Kuhn's Philosophy of Science

Paperback Published: 1st January 1993
ISBN: 9780226355511
Number Of Pages: 330

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Few philosophers of science have influenced as many readers as Thomas S. Kuhn. Yet no comprehensive study of his ideas has existed--until now. In this volume, Paul Hoyningen-Huene examines Kuhn's work over four decades, from the days before "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" to the present, and puts Kuhn's philosophical development in a historical framework.
Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm shifts and revolutions to fit their own theories, however imperfectly. Hoyningen-Huene does not merely offer another interpretation--he brings Kuhn's work into focus with rigorous philosophical analysis. Through extended discussions with Kuhn and an encyclopedic reading of his work, Hoyningen-Huene looks at the problems and justifications of his claims and determines how his theories might be expanded. Most significantly, he discovers that "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" can be understood only with reference to the historiographic foundation of Kuhn's philosophy.
Discussing the concepts of paradigms, paradigm shifts, normal science, and scientific revolutions, Hoyningen-Huene traces their evolution to Kuhn's experience as a historian of contemporary science. From here, Hoyningen-Huene examines Kuhn's well-known thesis that scientists on opposite sides of a revolutionary divide "work in different worlds," explaining Kuhn's notion of a world-change during a scientific revolution. He even considers Kuhn's most controversial claims--his attack on the distinction between the contexts of discovery and justification and his notion of incommensurability--addressing both criticisms and defenses of these ideas.
Destined to become the authoritative philosophical study of Kuhn's work, "Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions" both enriches our understanding of Kuhn and provides powerful interpretive tools for bridging Continental and Anglo-American philosophical traditions.

Translator's
Note
Foreword
Preface
Introduction
The Topic of Kuhn's Philosophy of Science
The Issue: Scientific Development
The Total Domain of Science
Permissible Units of Analysis within the Domain of Science
The Construction of the Target Issue: The Historiography of Science
The Old Internal Historiography of Science
The Critique of the Old Internal Historiography of Science
The New Internal Historiography of Science
The Focus: Structure Summary of Part I
Scientific Knowledge and Its Object
The World Concept
The Double Meaning of "World" and "Nature" in SSRand the Plurality-of-Phenomenal-Worlds Thesis
World-in-Itself and Phenomenal World in SSR
The Plurality-of-Phenomenal-Worlds Thesis and Its Justification
Stimulus and Sensation in the 1969 Papers
The Transition from SSR
The Ambiguity of the Stimulus Concept
Contributions Credited to the Stimulus Ontology
Troubles with the Stimulus Ontology
The Modified Stimulus Ontology
The Phenomenal World after 1969
The Constitution of a Phenomenal World
The Learning Process
Similarity Relations
Ostension
Social Community
Perception
Empirical Concepts
Preliminary Remarks
Concept Learning without Use of Laws or Theories in Kuhn's Work up to 1969
Concept Learning without Use of Laws or Theories in Kuhn's Work after 1969
The Relationship between Earlier and Later Conceptions of Concept Learning without Use of Laws or Theories
Concept Learning with the Help of Laws and Theories
The Impossibility of Explicitly Defining Empirical Concepts
Consequences for the Theory of Meaning as Applied to Empirical Concepts
Knowledge of Nature
The Content of Such Knowledge
The Characteristics of Such Knowledge
The Nonneutrality of the Analyst's Viewpoint
The Paradigm Concept
Reasons for Introducting the Original Paradigm Concept
The Development of the Paradigm Concept
From "Paradigm" to "Disciplinary Matrix"
The Retraction of the Property of Universal Acceptance
The Disciplinary Matrix
Symbolic Generalizations
Models
Values
Exemplary Problem Solutions
The Relationship between "Components" of the Disciplinary Matrix
The Functions of Paradigms in the Sense of Exemplary Problem Solutions
The Lexicon of Empirical Concepts
The Identification of Research Problems
The Acceptability of Solutions to Research Problems Summary of Part II
The Dynamic of Scientific Knowledge
Normal Science
Normal Science: Provisional Characterization
Analogies to Puzzle-solving
The Existence of Regulations
Expectations of Solubility
No Intention of Fundamental Innovation
Neither Test nor Confirmation
Individual Motivation
The Research Problems of Normal Science
Progress in Normal Science
What Makes Normal Science Possible?
Training Preparatory for Practicing Normal Science
The Emergence of Normal Science out of Prenormal Science
The Functional Role of the Quasi-dogmatic Element of Normal Science
The Concept of a Scientific Revolution
Kuhn's Extension of the Concept of a Scientific Revolution
Change of World
Incommensurability
The Introduction of the Incommensurability Concept in SSR
Further Developments at the End of the 1960s and in the 1970s
Further Development in the 1980s
The First Misunderstanding: Incommensurability Implies Incomparability
The Second Misunderstanding: Inco
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226355511
ISBN-10: 0226355519
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 330
Published: 1st January 1993
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 15.0  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition

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