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Rebels With A Cause : The Minds And Morality Of Political Offenders - Nicholas N. Kittrie

Rebels With A Cause

The Minds And Morality Of Political Offenders

Hardcover Published: 1st November 1999
ISBN: 9780813368498
Number Of Pages: 448

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As the twenty-first century is ushered in, rebels, revolutionaries and political dissidents remain a major roadblock to the structuring of a new world order. Challenging their national or local institutions of authority--political or economic, social or religious--aggrieved individuals and disgruntled communities continue to wage their eternal struggles against those perceived as perverting the common good. "Rebels with a Cause" seeks to explain the minds, motives, means, and morality of those who espouse individual as well as communal dissent and resistance--violent or otherwise--in the name of some greater good. The ranks of political offenders vary widely: Civil Disobedients; Conscientious Objectors; Dissidents; Fanatics; Freedom Fighters; Fundamentalists; Militants; Political Prisoners; Pseudo-Politicals; Rebels; Resisters; Revolutionaries and Terrorists. The cast of characters is equally diverse and colorful: from Rome's Brutus to South Africa's Nelson Mandela. From America's John Brown and Susan B. Anthony to John Wilkes Booth and Timothy J. McVeigh. From Cuba's Che Guevara to the anonymous heroes of Beijing's Tienaman Square. From the Soviet Union's Aleksander Solzhenistzen to Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi. "Rebels" portrays political offenders as products of three unorthodoxies. They constitute neither traditional political actors, nor common criminals or lawful belligerents. As players in the political arena, they refuse to abide by the rules and means of conventional politics--the ballot box and the rule of law. Offending against the prevailing law, they nevertheless disclaim the common criminal's venal goals to assert their own pursuit of altruistic communal and just objectives. Finally, as militant activists they act surreptiously, disclaim uniforms and insignias, proclaim allegiance to no sovereign and in their resort to indiscriminate violence they spurn the rules of lawful belligerency. This triple unorthodoxy has made the development of coherent public responses to political dissidents, resisters and rebels particularly difficult. "Rebels" does not only identify the actors and social forces that have caused nearly half of all countries throughout the globe to become infected with the ethnic, religious, tribal, clannish, and racial strife which now tear them apart. Acknowledging that domestic conflicts are replacing international warfare as the source of political disorder and violence in the emerging decades, "Rebels" also offers both readers and antagonists new insights and constructive approaches for the making of a less hostile and violent world. "Rebels with a Cause" will help readers address some of this era's most troublesome questions. What weight should one give to the demands of his conscience or the urgings of his or her faith? When should one reject the rules of those in power and stand up against evil laws and governments? Is one ever entitled to disobey the commands of an allegedly "democratic" regime? What means may one justly use in the struggle against tyrants, dictators, and other abusers of power? And when does a dissenter cease to be a freedom fighter and become a terrorist? "Rebels with a Cause" responds to these and other pressing contemporary questions with a "Bill of Rights on Just Authority and Just Resistance" as a guide for both the governed and those who govern.

Preface: Confronting the Political Offenderp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xxv
Creditsp. xxvii
Prologue: In the Eyes of the Beholders: Heroes or Rogues?p. 1
Beyond Myth and Denial: The Realities of Political Crime and Rebellionp. 19
When Conscience and Public Order Collide: Is There Place for Protest and Resistance?p. 21
the Riddle of the Sphinx: Categorizing Political Offenses and Offendersp. 39
Perspectives of a Unique Offenderp. 71
Only Sparks Fly High the Making of the Political Offenderp. 73
Villains or Patriots? Political Offenders in America and Abroadp. 127
Piercing the Monolith: Lessons of the American Experiencep. 129
Cycles of Oppression and Leniency Europe's Search for the """"Honorable Offender""""p. 155
Reconciling Public Order with Higher Lawp. 191
the Political Offender's Quest for Sanctuary: Asylum or Extradition?p. 193
Justifications and Absolutions the Political Offender's """"Higher Law"""" Defensesp. 243
the Political Offender in Modernity: New Rules for Dissidence and Domestic Warfarep. 297
Rebels with a Cause: Toward a Jurisprudence of Domestic Conflictp. 299
Epilogue Clarifying the Rules of Just Governance and Just Resistancep. 329
Appendixp. 349
Notesp. 351
Selected Bibliographyp. 395
Indexp. 403
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813368498
ISBN-10: 0813368499
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 448
Published: 1st November 1999
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.31 x 15.32  x 3.63
Weight (kg): 0.8
Edition Number: 1