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Reasons for Action : Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria - Betsy C. Postow

Reasons for Action

Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria

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Published: 1st July 1999
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2 first-person point of view, I acknowledge these possible handicaps and try to overcome them. Other people may coherently judge that I am incapable of figuring out correctly what I rationally ought to do, or they may inform me of reasons of which I had heretofore been ignorant, or they may try to help me overcome intellectual hindrances. Like me, these people would be assuming that the goal is to identify what I really rationally ought to do. Nevertheless, we are concerned with reasons for the agent to act in a certain way, rather than with reasons, say, for someone to want it to be the case that the agent act. Thus to be a reason in our sense is to be a consideration which has an appropriate guiding role to play in the. agents deliberation. (An agent is guided by reasons if she determines what to do in light of the reasons. ) Suppose then that a norĀ­ mative theory says that it is supremely desirable, or that it rationally ought to be the case, that agents act in a way that maximizes the general utility, but that (since the general utility is never in fact maximized by those who pay attention to it) considerations of the general utility should play no role in the agents' deliberation. Such a theory would not be said to ascribe to agents a reason to maximize the general utility on our usage.

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Some Rival Reasons Theories
The Inclusive Data View
A Rival Approach: Darwall's Argument
Are We Limited to a Particular Tradition?
Parfit-Inspired Candidates for Meta-Level Criteria
Brandt-Inspired Candidates for Meta-Level Criteria
Selecting and Using Meta-Level Criteria
Bibliography of Works Cited
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792357001
ISBN-10: 0792357000
Series: LIBRARY OF ETHICS AND APPLIED PHILOSOPHY
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 205
Published: 1st July 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 16.51  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48