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Reason and Horror : Critical Theory, Democracy and Aesthetic Individuality - Morton Schoolman

Reason and Horror

Critical Theory, Democracy and Aesthetic Individuality

Paperback Published: 8th August 2001
ISBN: 9780415930284
Number Of Pages: 348

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What is it that makes humankind capable of genocide? What can we do to create a world without large-scale crimes against humanity? In "Reason and Horror, " Schoolman labors to find an antidote to the relentlessly destructive and seemingly irreversible path of violence on which the history of enlightenment placed modernity. Offering a fascinating new interpretation of Horkheimer and Adorno's monumental study, "Dialectic of Enlightenment," their classic written during the Nazi Holocaust, Schoolman reconstructs their arguments about individuality before the Holocaust, and then develops their ideas through the great works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Walt Whitman, and Alexis De Tocqueville. Schoolman shows that it is "democracy" that fosters the aesthetic qualities Horkheimer and Adorno believed necessary to oppose the enlightenment rationality responsible for genocide. Schoolman's stunning and controversial solution to avoiding crimes against humanity is that its nations must foster a democratic way of life, because the aesthetic form of individuality able to stem the violence of genocidal extermination can flourish only under democracy.

Industry Reviews

'Reason and Horror stirs by its articulateness and its profundity. Mort Schoolman has written a major book.' - George Kateb, Princeton University- 'The best account of Adorno and Horkheimer's thought available. Schoolman makes their thought come to life.' - Shadia Drury, author of Leo Strauss and The American Right-

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introduction: Reason and Horrorp. 1
Individuality Before the Holocaustp. 2
Formal and Aesthetic Reasonp. 2
Aesthetic Reason, Aesthetic Individuality, Aesthetic Sensibilityp. 5
Reading Dialectic of Enlightenmentp. 7
Aesthetic Individuality and the Aesthetics of Tragedyp. 11
From a Genealogy of Reason to Aesthetic Theoryp. 13
Surfacesp. 14
Individuality as an Aesthetic Problemp. 15
Adorno: A Sensibility to Violence, Creativity without Form--Nietzsche: Creativity with Form, without a Sensibility to Violencep. 16
Whitman: The Aesthetic Problem from the Point of View of the Artist (the Creator)p. 19
Aesthetic Individuality in Democratic Americap. 23
Individuality After the Holocaustp. 26
Individuality Before the Holocaustp. 27
Reason as a "Murderous Principle"p. 29
Difference and the Birth of Thinkingp. 30
Difference and Magical Thinkingp. 33
Difference and Mythical Thinkingp. 36
Difference and the Enlightenment of Modern Timesp. 40
Dialectic of Enlightenment as a Genealogy of Reasonp. 52
Rhetorical Overlay Versus Linear Historical Narrativep. 52
Individuals in Possession of Ourselvesp. 55
A Conflict of the Faculties, Its Hierarchical Resolution, and Identity as Self-Contradictionp. 55
Self-Identity and the Triumph of Formal Reasonp. 58
An Ideal Form of Aesthetic Individualityp. 60
Methodological Reflections on the Possibility of Aesthetic Individualityp. 62
Modern Subjectivity and Artless Thinkingp. 65
Aesthetic Individuality as Artp. 67
"The Terrible Basic Text Homo Natura ... The Eternal Basic Text Homo Natura"p. 69
The Task of Translationp. 69
Equivalencep. 70
Sublationp. 71
Forgetting and the Rise of Enlightenment as a System of Dominationp. 72
The Autonomy of Formal Reason and Social Orderp. 75
Genealogy, the Universalization of Formal Reason, and Private Propertyp. 76
Capitalism and Violence to Differencep. 79
Aesthetic Individuality by Analogy: Dialectic of Enlightenment and the Birth and Death of Tragedyp. 85
"Spread Over Posterity Like a Shadow That Keeps Growing in the Evening Sun"p. 85
The Birth of Tragedy and the Concept of Aesthetic Individualityp. 86
Analogy from the Apollinian and the Dionysian: Art Deities and Forms of Thoughtp. 87
Analogy from the Greek Dionysian Festival: Aesthetic Form and Forms of Thoughtp. 92
Analogy from Attic Tragedy: The Ideal of Aesthetic Individualityp. 97
Analogy from "Aesthetic Socratism:" Socratic Reason and Enlightenment as "Murderous Principles"p. 104
Reconciliation and the Alliance Between Kant and Hegel, or Hegel Without the Absolute, Kant Without the Supersensiblep. 106
Aesthetic Individuality and the Destruction of the Jewsp. 114
Recovering Aesthetic Individuality from Art: Aesthetic Reason in Adorno's Aesthetic Theoryp. 117
The Aesthetics of Darknessp. 120
Beauty and the Unknownp. 122
Trace and the Unknownp. 124
Rationality, Mimesis, and the Unknownp. 125
Spirit and the Unknownp. 127
Expression and the Unknownp. 128
Reason and Darknessp. 130
No Trespassingp. 133
The Great Dividep. 135
"A Music Whose Soul Knows How to Roam and Be at Home Among Great Beautiful Solitary Beasts of Prey"p. 138
Nietzsche's Dream, Adorno's Nightmarep. 144
The Marriage of Light and Darkp. 145
Surfacesp. 147
An Ethic of Appearancesp. 149
Up from the Depths, Onto the Surfaces of the Worldp. 149
Nietzsche's Pure Surfacesp. 150
The Creative Will and Its Destruction of Depthp. 157
Into the Unknownp. 165
Nonidentity and the Unknownp. 166
Perspectivism and the Unknownp. 169
God and the Unknownp. 171
An Ethic of Appearancesp. 173
Mystery, Wonder, and Delight in Appearancesp. 174
Appearance and Differencep. 178
The Sufficiency, Equality, and Uniqueness of Appearancesp. 180
An Intimacy with Appearancesp. 183
Individuality as a Poetic from of Lifep. 185
A Poetic form of Lifep. 186
Every Existence Has Its Idiomp. 188
The Distant Brought Nearp. 191
Representing a Worldp. 194
Representing Surfaces Descriptivelyp. 195
Representing Surfaces Metaphoricallyp. 202
Presenting a Worldp. 206
Forcing Surfaces and Depthsp. 209
Attachment and Self-Creativityp. 214
Discontinuityp. 217
A Constitutive Interest in Differencep. 222
The Aesthetic Value of Surfaces and Nietzsche's Marriage of Light and Darkp. 224
Democracy As an Aesthetic form of Lifep. 230
Technology, Modernity, and Differencep. 231
Democracy, Modernity, and Differencep. 232
Democracy, Difference, and Poetryp. 235
Democracy and Aesthetic Educationp. 237
Democratic Time, Democratic Spacep. 240
Aesthetic Individuality as a Democratic Achievementp. 248
Tocqueville's Aesthetic Sensibilityp. 250
Tocqueville's Blindness to Democratic Differencep. 253
The Large Differences of Aristocratic Societiesp. 257
The Small Differences of Democratic Societyp. 263
The Aesthetics of Small Differencesp. 270
Democracy's Mimetic Dimension--Self-Creativity and Aesthetic Presentation as Imitation, or Individuality From the Point of View of the Artist (the Creator)p. 271
Representing Difference: A Sensibility to Violence in the Aesthetics of Individualityp. 282
Individuality's Orientation to the Surfaces of Small Differencesp. 285
Individuality's All-Inclusive Orientation to Small Differencesp. 286
Individuality's Orientation to the Equality, Sufficiency, and Uniqueness of Small Differencesp. 286
Individuality's Receptivity to Small Differencesp. 288
Attachment and Intimacyp. 290
Individuality's Indifference to Difference in Its Depths, the Unknown, and the Indeterminacy of Surfacesp. 292
The Logic of Identity "as" Differencep. 296
Aesthetic Individuality As a Democratic Achievementp. 298
Conclusion: Individuality After the Holocaustp. 300
A Morally Distinctive Democratic Individualityp. 301
The Moral and the Aestheticp. 307
Notesp. 311
Indexp. 329
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415930284
ISBN-10: 0415930286
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 348
Published: 8th August 2001
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.5
Edition Number: 1

Earn 135 Qantas Points
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