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Reading and the Mental Lexicon : Essays in Cognitive Psychology Series - Marcus Taft

Reading and the Mental Lexicon

Essays in Cognitive Psychology Series

Paperback Published: 7th December 1993
ISBN: 9780863773358
Number Of Pages: 164

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Over the last twenty years a major area of cognitive psychology has developed centred upon research into the issues of how visually presented words are processed so that they can be read and understood. The focus has been on how words are stored in the mental lexicon and retrieved during the reading process. If we possessed no mental lexicon, we would be unable to read. This book dedicates itself to a critical evaluation of the ideas that have emerged from this body of research.
The text outlines the major models of lexical processing that have been put forward in the literature, and how they explain the basic empirical findings that have been reported. It then goes on to consider the possible influence that sentential context has on lexical processing, the impact of the pronunciation of a word on its visual processing, and the role played by internal word structure (i.e., syllables and morphemes) in the recognition of a word. A connectionist style model emerges during the course of the evaluation of these issues.
This book is suitable for advanced students and researchers, and is intended to serve as a springboard for discussion and an inspiration for empirical research.

Introduction
Models of Lexical Access
Finding an Appropriate Task
Basic Lexical Decision Findings
Evaluation of Models
Explaining the Frequency Effect
Explaining the Lexical Status Effect
Explaining the Nonword Legality Effect
Explaining the Word Similarity Effect
Explaining Repetition Priming Effect
Explaining the Degradation Effect
Overview of the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Models
Is the Lexical Task Appropriate?
Semantic and Syntactic Influences in Lexical Processing
Effects of Semantic Characteristics of Isolated Words
Effects of Word Class
Beyond the Isolated Word
Tachistoscopic Recognition of Words in Context
Single Word Contexts
Sentence Contexts
Accessing Ambiguous Words
Syntactic Contexts
Conclusion
Phonological Recoding
Homophony and Pseudohomophony
Form-priming
Articulatory Suppression
Regularity Effects
Consistency Effects
A Multiple-Levels Model
Pronouncing Nonwords
Overview
Morphographic Processing
Morphological Decomposition
Syllables
The Interactive-Activation Model Modified
Conclusions and Future Directions
Overview
The Use of Simulations
A Distributed Connectionist Model
Processing in Languages other than English
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780863773358
ISBN-10: 0863773354
Series: Essays in Cognitive Psychology Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 164
Published: 7th December 1993
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.25
Edition Number: 1

Earn 166 Qantas Points
on this Book