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Re-envisioning Past Musical Cultures : Ethnomusicology in the Study of Gregorian Chant - Peter Jeffery

Re-envisioning Past Musical Cultures

Ethnomusicology in the Study of Gregorian Chant

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Studying Gregorian chant presents many problems to the researcher because its most important stages of development were not recorded in writing. From the sixth to the tenth century, this form of music existed only in song as medieval musicians relied on their memories and voices to pass each verse from one generation to the next.
Peter Jeffery offers an innovative new approach for understanding how these melodies were created, memorized, performed, and modified. Drawing on a variety of disciplines, including anthropology and ethnomusicology, he identifies characteristics of Gregorian chant that closely resemble other oral traditions in non-Western cultures and demonstrates ways music historians can take into account the social, cultural, and anthropological contexts of chant's development.

The Problem
The New Historical View of Chant Transmission
The Theories of Treitler and Hucke
Oral and Written Transmission as Conceived in the New Historical View
Some Reflections on the New Historical View
The "Rules" of "Grammar" and "Rhetoric": Deciphering the "Language" of Formulaic Chant
Problems of Proof and Plausibility: The Need for Empirical Confirmation
Implications and Applications: Toward Methodologies for Melodic Criticism and Editing
Some Ethnomusicological Concerns
Some Terms
Cross-Cultural Comparisons
Principles of Comparison
Some Comparable Cultures
The Performers and Their World
Books and the Oral/Written Continuum
The Historical Continuum, from Oral to Written
Uses of Books in Liturgical Celebrations
Performance Practice
Cultural Contexts
Musical Contacts between Clergy and Laity
Liturgical and Quasi-Liturgical "Folk Songs"
Regional Chant Dialects
Art Music vs. Folk Song in the Liturgy
Some Possible Means of Oral Transmission in Liturgical Chant
Ranges of Variability
Concepts of "Formula" and "Centonization" in Selected Cultures
"Formulas" with Syntactic Functions
Melody Types, Melodic Models, and Tune Families
Melodic Groups and Types
Melodic Outlines and Contours
Kinds of Melodic Models: A Continuum
The Impact of Modal Theory
Interpolated Syllables
Melodic Embellishment
Summary and Conclusion
Works Cited
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226395807
ISBN-10: 0226395804
Series: Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 222
Published: 7th December 1995
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.3  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.33
Edition Type: New edition