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Rationality in Action : Contemporary Approaches - Paul K. Moser

Rationality in Action

Contemporary Approaches

By: Paul K. Moser (Editor)

Paperback Published: 25th March 1991
ISBN: 9780521385985
Number Of Pages: 504

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This anthology is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in such disciplines ms philosophy, psychology, economics, and political science. It includes twenty-one selections falling under three main categories: individual decision theory; game theory and group decision making; reasons, desires, and irrationality. All the pieces have been published before in journals and have been proven to be of long-term importance to theoretical work in rational action. Among the authors represented are Leonard Savage, Maurice Allais, Daniel Kahneman, Amos Tversky, Herbert Simon, Robert Nozick, John Harsanyi, Kenneth Arrow, Amartya Sen, Bernard Williams, and Donald Davidson.

The volume includes a general introduction on decision theory and a topical bibliography.

List of contributorsp. vii
Prefacep. ix
Rationality in action: general introductionp. 1
Individual decision theory: concepts and foundations
Decisions Under Certainty, Risk, and Uncertainty
Utility theoryp. 19
Historical and critical comments on utilityp. 41
Individual decision making under uncertaintyp. 55
Problems and Revisions
Risk, ambiguity, and the Savage axiomsp. 87
Criticism of the postulates and axioms of the American Schoolp. 113
Prospect theory: an analysis of decision under riskp. 140
Judgment under uncertainty: heuristics and biasesp. 171
Alternative visions of rationalityp. 189
Newcomb's Problem and Causal Decision Theory
Newcomb's problem and two principles of choicep. 207
Causal decision theoryp. 235
Game theory and group decision making
Games, Cooperation, and the Prisoner's Dilemma
Advances in understanding rational behaviorp. 271
The emergence of cooperation among egoistsp. 294
Maximization constrained: the rationality of cooperationp. 315
Impossibility Theorems for Social Choice
Values and collective decision makingp. 337
The impossibility of a Paretian liberalp. 354
Liberty and social choicep. 360
Reasons, desires, and irrationality
Reasons, Desires, and Values
Internal and external reasonsp. 387
The concept of rational actionp. 398
Rationality and valuationp. 416
Irrationality
Paradoxes of irrationalityp. 449
Rational dilemmas and rational supererogationp. 465
Bibliography on rational actionp. 481
Indexp. 487
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521385985
ISBN-10: 0521385989
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 504
Published: 25th March 1991
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.17 x 15.09  x 3.23
Weight (kg): 0.75

Earn 145 Qantas Points
on this Book