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Radar Remote Sensing of Planetary Surfaces - Bruce A. Campbell

Radar Remote Sensing of Planetary Surfaces

Hardcover Published: 18th March 2002
ISBN: 9780521583084
Number Of Pages: 350

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This introduction to the use of radar for remote sensing of natural surfaces provides the reader with a thorough grounding in practical applications, focusing particularly on terrestrial studies that may be extended to other planets. An historical overview of the subject is followed by an introduction to the nomenclature and methodology pertaining to radar data collection, image interpretation and surface roughness analysis. The author then presents a summary (illustrated with examples from the natural environment) of theoretical explanations for the backscatter properties of continuous rough surfaces, collections of discrete objects, and layered terrain. Case studies of radar surveys of the Moon, Mercury, Venus and Mars complete the book. The level is appropriate for students and professionals across a broad range of scientific disciplines including Earth and planetary sciences, electrical engineering, and remote sensing. Particular emphasis is given to practical geological and geophysical studies of the terrestrial planets.

"...this text belongs in the library of anyone interested in radar remote sensing. It is a well-written, comprehensive text that can easily be understood by someone expressing an ititial interest in the field, and contains sufficient information and analysis to keep the seasoned radar analyst interested. The author is to be congratulated on his achievement." Geomatica "The author's intention is to fill a perceived gap in the literature on radar backscatter analysis. The text meets this goal and would be suitable for a variety of university level courses in remote sensing. For the student of remote sensing data analysis, this text is well suited as a mid-level introduction to the specifics of radar remote sensing beyond the basic principles that should be acquired from a general subject primer...This well organized and written text is recommended..." The Leading Edge "A well-organized treatment." Choice

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Radar remote sensingp. 1
Historical contextp. 3
Rationalep. 10
Outline of the bookp. 11
Radar scattering terminologyp. 13
Outlinep. 13
Basic terminologyp. 13
Constitutive parametersp. 17
Electromagnetic waves in arbitrary mediap. 19
Energy loss in a mediump. 20
Polarizationp. 21
Coherence and powerp. 24
The Stokes vectorp. 25
Polarization terminologyp. 28
Reflection and refraction at a plane boundaryp. 29
Emission from a surfacep. 33
The radar equationp. 34
Polarization ratiosp. 35
The scattering matrixp. 36
The Mueller and Stokes matricesp. 37
Polarization synthesisp. 40
Summaryp. 41
Roughness and dielectric propertiesp. 44
Outlinep. 44
Definition of roughnessp. 45
Basic statistics of a rough surfacep. 45
Correlationp. 49
The Fourier transformp. 51
The power spectrum, aliasing, and filteringp. 52
The importance of horizontal scalep. 57
Introduction to fractal conceptsp. 58
Properties of self-affine continuous surfacesp. 62
Properties of surface and volume populationsp. 65
Methods of topographic data collectionp. 67
Dielectric properties of natural materialsp. 70
Mixing of materials with different propertiesp. 75
Measuring the dielectric constantp. 79
Summaryp. 80
Radar data collection and analysisp. 82
Outlinep. 82
Antennasp. 83
Pulse compression techniquesp. 85
Real-aperture radar (RAR)p. 88
Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR)p. 90
Planetary ranging and continuous-wave observationsp. 95
Planetary delay-Doppler mappingp. 97
Effect of the ionospherep. 104
Specklep. 104
Radar scatterometers and altimetersp. 106
Interferometryp. 107
Geometric effects in radar mappingp. 110
Image geometric correctionsp. 113
Data calibrationp. 117
Image speckle and texture analysisp. 121
Structural and stereo mappingp. 127
Summaryp. 131
Theoretical treatment of scattering by rough surfacesp. 132
Outlinep. 132
Vector and scalar fieldsp. 133
Coherent and incoherent reflectionsp. 133
Scattering at a rough two-dimensional interfacep. 135
Roughness criteriap. 137
Scattering by gently undulating surfacesp. 138
Scattering by slightly rough surfacesp. 145
Integral equation methods for rough surface scatteringp. 151
Scalar model for coherent scattering by fractal rough surfacesp. 152
Scattering by collections of discrete objectsp. 154
Numerical methodsp. 161
The general nature of surface scatteringp. 162
Summaryp. 166
Radar scattering from continuous rough surfacesp. 167
Outlinep. 167
Topographic and dielectric data for rough surfacesp. 168
Radar data for rough surfacesp. 173
Surface roughnessp. 178
General backscatter properties of rough surfacesp. 180
Relationships between echo componentsp. 182
Very smooth surfaces and the small-perturbation modelp. 187
Empirical models for the HH, VV, LR, and RL echoesp. 190
Empirical models for the HV, VH, LL, and RR echoesp. 193
Wavelength dependence in scattering from fractal surfacesp. 196
Blocky surfacesp. 196
Aeolian roughnessp. 197
Scattering at high incidence anglesp. 200
Summary and implications for radar remote sensingp. 201
Radar scattering from collections of objects or layered terrainp. 203
Outlinep. 203
Statistical descriptions of rock-strewn surfacesp. 203
Example of a rock-strewn field sitep. 208
Radar scattering from a rock-strewn surfacep. 213
Radar scattering from sand dunesp. 219
Radar scattering from mantled rough surfacesp. 221
Examples of mantled surfacesp. 227
Radar scattering from volume populationsp. 231
Summary and implications for remote sensingp. 234
Planetary radar studies: the Moon, Mercury, and asteroidsp. 235
Outlinep. 235
General properties of regolithsp. 235
Radar data for the Moonp. 239
Radar data for Mercuryp. 241
Scattering models for a planetary regolithp. 241
The lunar mare regolithp. 247
Lunar pyroclastic depositsp. 254
Radar properties of lunar and mercurian impact cratersp. 254
Ice at the poles of Mercury and the Moonp. 259
Radar observations of asteroidsp. 262
Radar soundingp. 264
Summary and future directionsp. 268
Planetary radar studies: Venus and Marsp. 270
Outlinep. 270
The surface of Venusp. 271
Radar data for Venusp. 272
Surface properties of the Venus plainsp. 278
Surface properties of venusian volcanoesp. 286
Impact craters on Venusp. 289
The nature of the Venus highlandsp. 293
The surface of Marsp. 301
Radar data for Marsp. 302
Radar scattering from heavily cratered terrain and plains on Marsp. 304
Surface properties of martian outflow and ejecta depositsp. 305
Surface properties of martian volcanoesp. 308
The martian polar capsp. 310
Summary and future directionsp. 311
List of symbolsp. 312
Referencesp. 316
Indexp. 329
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521583084
ISBN-10: 052158308X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 350
Published: 18th March 2002
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 2.1
Weight (kg): 0.82