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Radar Polarimetry for Geoscience Applications : Remote sensing library - Charles Elachi

Radar Polarimetry for Geoscience Applications

Remote sensing library

Hardcover Published: 19th April 1990
ISBN: 9780890064061
Number Of Pages: 388

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Offers the only consolidated reference on radar polarimetry design, analysis, and application and explains the most recent development in polarization system design and application. Illustrated with 150 figures, 10 tablets, and 9 full-color SAR images.

Prefacep. xi
Wave Properties and Polarizationp. 1
Plane Waves in a Lossless Homogeneous Mediump. 2
Wave Polarizationp. 4
Cartesian Coordinate Systemp. 5
Spherical Coordinate Systemp. 9
Stokes Vector Representationp. 11
Modified Stokes Vectorp. 13
Partial Polarizationp. 14
Referencesp. 16
Scattering Matrix Representation for Simple Targetsp. 17
Coordinate System and Scattering Matrixp. 17
Forward Scattering Alignment (FSA) Conventionp. 19
Backscatter Alignment (BSA) Conventionp. 20
Reciprocity Relationp. 22
Mueller and Modified Mueller Matricesp. 25
Polarization Synthesisp. 27
Polarization Responsep. 33
Large Conducting Spherep. 33
Dihedral Corner Reflectorp. 35
Trihedral Corner Reflectorp. 37
Short, Thin Cylinderp. 39
Helixp. 42
Coordinate System Transformationsp. 45
FSA to BSA Transformationp. 45
Transformation for JPL Stokes Matrix Datap. 48
Conclusionsp. 49
Referencesp. 50
Scattering Models for Point Targetsp. 53
Introductionp. 54
High Frequency Scatteringp. 56
Physical Optics Approximationp. 56
Flat Platep. 61
Curved Platesp. 67
Convex Bodiesp. 72
Circular Cylinderp. 75
Spherep. 80
Low Frequency Scatteringp. 81
Formulationp. 82
Homogeneous Dielectric Bodiesp. 85
Perfectly Conducting Bodies and Platesp. 90
Exact Solutionsp. 92
Circular Cylinderp. 92
Spherep. 101
Summary Tablep. 107
Referencesp. 108
Scattering Models for Distributed Targetsp. 111
Rough Surface Scattering Modelsp. 112
Kirchhoff Approachp. 114
Geometrical Optics Modelp. 118
Physical Optics Modelp. 121
Small Perturbation Modelp. 125
Polarization Synthesis for Rough Surface Modelsp. 130
Radiative Transfer Theoryp. 134
Scalar Radiative Transfer Equationp. 135
Vector Radiative Transfer Equationp. 136
Boundary Conditions for the Radiative Transfer Equationp. 143
Solutions for the Radiative Transfer Equationp. 145
Iterative Methodp. 146
Numerical Technuquep. 151
Polarization Synthesisp. 161
Vegetation Canopy Modelp. 165
Radiative Transfer Model for a Single Vegetation Layer Over a Soil Surfacep. 165
Radiative Transfer Model for a Forest Canopyp. 170
Numerical Simulationsp. 176
Deficiencies of the Radiative Transfer Theoryp. 185
Referencesp. 187
Polarimetric Scatterometer Systems and Measurementsp. 191
Scatterometer System Configurationp. 192
CW Radarp. 193
CW-Doppler Radarp. 197
FM-CW Radarp. 197
Pulse Radarp. 200
Network Analyzer Based Polarimetric Scatterometersp. 202
Network Analyzer Principles of Operationp. 203
Network Analyzer Operation as a Scatterometerp. 205
Microwave Polarimetric Scatterometersp. 211
Millimeter-Wave Polarimetric Scatterometersp. 213
Calibration of Polarimetric Scatterometersp. 217
System Distortion Matricesp. 219
Systems with Diagonal Distortion Matricsp. 223
Non-Reciprocal Systems with Full Distortion Matricesp. 227
Reciprocal Systems with Full Distortion Matricesp. 232
Comparison with Measured Datap. 234
Systhesized Polarization Response of Distributed Targetsp. 237
Surface Scatteringp. 242
Volume Scatteringp. 244
Measurement Precisionp. 248
Examples of Polarimetric Measurements of Surfaces and Volumesp. 252
Measurement of the Propagation Parameters of a Forest Canopyp. 262
Polarimetric Radar Model for Trees with a Point Target Underneathp. 265
Referencesp. 271
Polarimetric Radar System Designp. 273
Polarimetric and Conventional Radar Systemsp. 273
Introductionp. 273
Note on Coordinate Systemsp. 275
Polarimetric Measurementsp. 276
The Radar Equation and Signal-to-Noise Ratiop. 276
Example Design Control Tablep. 279
System Designp. 281
Scattering Matrix Measurement Approachp. 281
Calibration Tonesp. 284
Polarimetric Radar Hardwarep. 285
Antennasp. 285
Flight Electronicsp. 287
Data Processingp. 289
Data Compressionp. 291
Examples of Polarimetric Observationsp. 295
Polarimetric Radar Calibrationp. 295
Backgroundp. 295
Phase Calibrationp. 297
Crosstalk Calibration and Removalp. 300
Absolute Amplitude Calibration and Channel Gain Balancep. 307
Existing and Planned Imaging Radar Polarimetersp. 310
Airborne Systemsp. 310
Spaceborne Systemsp. 311
Referencesp. 312
Polarimetric sar Applicationsp. 315
Polarization Responsep. 315
Contrast Enhancementp. 324
Stokes Scattering Operator Methodp. 324
Covariance Matrix Methodp. 326
Examplesp. 327
Unsupervised Classification of Scattering Behaviorp. 339
Examplesp. 341
Supervised Classification of Earth Terrainp. 344
Optimum (Bayes) Classification Distancep. 344
Minimum Distance Classifierp. 345
Examplesp. 347
Conclusionsp. 354
Referencesp. 357
Indexp. 361
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890064061
ISBN-10: 0890064067
Series: Remote sensing library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 388
Published: 19th April 1990
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.75

Earn 593 Qantas Points
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