1. The Nature and Scope of Radiation Protection.
What is Radiation Protection?.
Scope of Radiation Protection.
Why Protect Patients and Personnel in Radiology?.
Framework for Radiation Protection.
Basic Schemes for Patient Exposure in Radiography and Fluoroscopy.
Factors Affecting Dose in Diagnostic Radiology.
Dose Management Techniques.
Pregnancy: Radiation Protection Considerations..
2. Diagnostic X-Rays: Physical Factors.
Mechanisms for Creating X-Rays.
Increasing kVp and Scatter Production..
3. Radiation Quantities and Units.
Sources of Radiation Exposure.
Types of Exposures.
Quantities and Units for Quantifying Ionizing Radiation.
Quantities and Units for Quantifying Biologic Risks.
Wearing a Personnel Dosimeter..
4. Basic Radiobiology.
What is Radiobiology?.
Essential Physics and Chemistry.
Fundamental Concepts of Radiobiology.
Deterministic Effects (Early Effects of Radiation).
Stochastic Effects (Late Effects of Radiation).
Radiation Expsorue in Utero..
5. Current Standards for Radiation Protection.
Radiation Protection Organizations.
Objectives of Radiation Protection.
Radiation Protection Criteria and Standards.
Recommended Dose Limits..
6. Dose Factors in Radiography.
Major Components of a Radiographic Imaging System.
Factors Affecting Dose in Radiography..
7. Dose Factors in Fluoroscopy.
Major Components of a Fluoroscopic Imaging System.
Factors Affecting Dose in Fluoroscopy.
Scattered Radiation in Fluoroscopy..
8. Dose Management Techniques.
Federal Regulations for Dose Management.
Equipment Specifications for Radiography.
Equipment Specifications for Fluoroscopy.
Procedures for Minimizing Dose to Patients and Personnel.
Shielding: Design of Protective Barriers.
Quality Assurance: Dose Management and Optimization..
9. Pregnancy: Radiation Protection Considerations.
Rationale for Radiation Protection in Pregnancy.
Factors Affecting Dose to the Conceptus.
Estimating the Dose to the Conceptus.
Continuing a Pregnancy After Exposure: Recommendations.
Dose Reduction Techniques for Pregnant Patients.
The Pregnant Worker.