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Race and the Jury : Racial Disenfranchisement and the Search for Justice - Hiroshi Fukurai

Race and the Jury

Racial Disenfranchisement and the Search for Justice

Hardcover Published: 31st January 1993
ISBN: 9780306441448
Number Of Pages: 241

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In this timely volume, the authors provide a penetrating analysis of the institutional mechanisms perpetuating the related problems of minorities' disenfranchisement and their underrepresentation on juries.

Introduction to Race and the Jury
Race and the Juryp. 3
Race and Jury Verdictsp. 5
Greensboro Trialsp. 5
Vincent Chin Trialsp. 7
Race and the Juryp. 8
Organization of the Following Chaptersp. 10
The Structural Approach to Racial Inequality in the Jury System and Jury Selectionp. 13
A Structural Theory of Racial Disenfranchisementp. 17
Procedural Anomalies and Racial Inequities in Jury Selectionp. 18
Residential Mobility and Undeliverablesp. 21
Judicial Discrimination against Racial and Ethnic Minorities as Jurorsp. 26
Gerrymandered Judicial Districtsp. 29
Jury Selection Procedures: An Overviewp. 39
Racial Inequality in the Jury Selection Processp. 40
Stage 1: Geographic Areas and the Populationp. 42
Stage 2: Source Listsp. 44
Stage 3: The Master Filep. 47
Stage 4: Qualified-Juror Filesp. 51
Stage 5: Jury Impanelment Listsp. 56
Stage 6: Jury Panelsp. 63
Stage 7: Voir Direp. 68
Stage 8: The Jury Boxp. 71
The U.S. Supreme Court, the Constitutional Background of Jury Selection, and Racial Representationp. 81
Substantive Guidelinesp. 83
Blacks' Rights before 1880p. 86
The Rights of Blacks between 1880 and 1934p. 88
The New Era of Jury Challenges: 1935 to 1948p. 89
The Criterion of "A Fair Cross Section of the Community"p. 91
Cross-Sectionality and Juror Representationp. 92
Jury Representation: 1965 to 1967p. 95
Institutional Racismp. 97
Statistical Indices as Evidentiary Proof of Discriminationp. 100
A White Defendant and Black Underrepresentationp. 102
Discrimination and Jury Forepersonsp. 103
Discrimination against Hispanicsp. 104
Discrimination against Womenp. 107
Economic Discriminationp. 110
Conclusions and Unresolved Questionsp. 113
Analyses of Racial Inequality on Juries: Empirical Issues
Anatomy of Economic Excuses: Organizational Resources and Company Support for an Egalitarian Jury Systemp. 119
Anatomy of Economic Excuses: Structural Determinants of Inequality in Jury Representationp. 121
Judicial Inequalityp. 123
Hypothesesp. 124
Research Designp. 125
The Samplep. 125
Methodsp. 126
Measurementp. 126
Resultsp. 129
Organizational Structure and Labor Market Characteristicsp. 129
Labor Market Structuresp. 129
Authority and Class Measuresp. 134
Extralegal Variablesp. 135
Legal Variablesp. 135
Scientific Jury Selection in Voir Dire: The Hidden Structure of Jury Selectionp. 141
By What and Whose Standard?p. 142
Scientific Defense Voir Dire Jury Selectionp. 143
Trial Background of People v. Harrisp. 144
Defense Voir Dire Jury-Selection Strategiesp. 145
Jury Profile in Harris Retrialp. 147
Scientific Defense Voir Direp. 148
Surviving Trend: Markov Chainp. 150
Voir Dire and Its Social Significancep. 154
Research on Biases in Scientific Jury Selectionp. 156
The Optimal Design to Obtain a Racially Representative Jury: Cluster-Sampling Methods with the Probability Proportionate to Size Applied to Jury Selectionp. 165
Residential Factors and Jury Selectionp. 166
Cluster Sampling with the Probability Proportionate to Sizep. 168
The Empirical Model of Jury Representationp. 170
Datap. 172
Methodsp. 173
Covariance Structure Analysisp. 173
Computer-Generated Graphics Analysisp. 173
Resultsp. 174
Cluster-Sampling Methodsp. 178
The First Stagep. 178
The Second Stagep. 182
Discussion and Policy Implicationsp. 187
The McMartin Trial: Race and Scientific Jury Selectionp. 193
The Trial Backgroundp. 194
Prepublicity and Political Motivesp. 196
Jury Selection: Community Cross Section and Biasesp. 197
Pretrial Publicity and Its Influence on People's Perceptionsp. 198
Analyses for Developing Juror Profilesp. 200
Comparisons of Eligibles in the Central District and Impaneled Jurorsp. 205
Importance of Race in Screening Prospective Jurorsp. 208
The Verdictp. 210
Media Event and the Aftermathp. 211
Recipe for Reformp. 213
Referencesp. 221
Table of Casesp. 233
Indexp. 235
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306441448
ISBN-10: 0306441446
Series: The Plenum Crime and Justice
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 241
Published: 31st January 1993
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.54

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