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Quantum Philosophy : Understanding and Interpreting Contemporary Science - Roland Omnes

Quantum Philosophy

Understanding and Interpreting Contemporary Science

By: Roland Omnes, Arturo Sangalli (Translator)

Paperback

Published: 17th March 2002
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In this magisterial work, Roland Omnes takes us from the academies of ancient Greece to the laboratories of modern science as he seeks to do no less than rebuild the foundations of the philosophy of knowledge. One of the world's leading quantum physicists, Omnes reviews the history and recent development of mathematics, logic, and the physical sciences to show that current work in quantum theory offers new answers to questions that have puzzled philosophers for centuries: Is the world ultimately intelligible? Are all events caused? Do objects have definitive locations? Omnes addresses these profound questions with vigorous arguments and clear, colorful writing, aiming not just to advance scholarship but to enlighten readers with no background in science or philosophy.


The book opens with an insightful and sweeping account of the main developments in science and the philosophy of knowledge from the pre-Socratic era to the nineteenth century. Omnes then traces the emergence in modern thought of a fracture between our intuitive, commonsense views of the world and the abstract and--for most people--incomprehensible world portrayed by advanced physics, math, and logic. He argues that the fracture appeared because the insights of Einstein and Bohr, the logical advances of Frege, Russell, and Godel, and the necessary mathematics of infinity of Cantor and Hilbert cannot be fully expressed by words or images only. Quantum mechanics played an important role in this development, as it seemed to undermine intuitive notions of intelligibility, locality, and causality. However, Omnes argues that common sense and quantum mechanics are not as incompatible as many have thought. In fact, he makes the provocative argument that the "consistent-histories" approach to quantum mechanics, developed over the past fifteen years, places common sense (slightly reappraised and circumscribed) on a firm scientific and philosophical footing for the first time. In doing so, it provides what philosophers have sought through the ages: a sure foundation for human knowledge.



Quantum Philosophy is a profound work of contemporary science and philosophy and an eloquent history of the long struggle to understand the nature of the world and of knowledge itself.

"The line separating physics from philosophy, like the one between the quantum world and the classical, is often blurred. Roland Omnes ... affirms the connections between the two fields."--Daniel B. Radov, American Scientist "[Quantum Philosophy] will prove to be [an] indispensable adjunct ... to standard quantum mechanics and philosophy of science courses."--Richard Scalettar, Physics Today "With a contagious sense of wonder, Omnes invites his readers, who need no expertise beyond an active curiosity, to share in the exhilarating denouement of humanity's 2,500-year quest to fathom the natural order."--Booklist

Preface
Acknowledgments
Prelude
The Legacyp. 1
Classical Logicp. 6
Classical Physicsp. 23
Classical Mathematicsp. 47
Classical Philosophy of Knowledgep. 62
The Fracturep. 79
Formal Mathematicsp. 84
The Philosophy of Mathematicsp. 108
Formal Physicsp. 124
The Epistemology of Physicsp. 147
From Formal Back to Visual: The Quantum Casep. 159
Between Logic and Physicsp. 163
Rediscovering Common Sensep. 184
From the Measurable to the Unmeasurablep. 196
On Realismp. 216
State of the Question and Perspectivesp. 235
A New Beginningp. 237
What Is Science?p. 246
Methodp. 255
Vanishing Perspectivesp. 269
Glossaryp. 283
Name Indexp. 291
Subject Indexp. 295
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691095516
ISBN-10: 0691095515
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 17th March 2002
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.2  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.45