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Quantum Mesoscopic Phenomena and Mesoscopic Devices in Microelectronics : Quantum Mesoscopic Phenomena and Mesoscopic Devices in Microelectronics Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Ankara, Turkey, 13-25 June 1999 - Igor O. Kulik

Quantum Mesoscopic Phenomena and Mesoscopic Devices in Microelectronics

Quantum Mesoscopic Phenomena and Mesoscopic Devices in Microelectronics Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Ankara, Turkey, 13-25 June 1999

By: Igor O. Kulik (Editor), Recai Ellialtiogammalu (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 1st October 2000
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Quantum mechanical laws are well documented at the level of a single or a few atoms and are here extended to systems containing 102 to 1010 electrons - still much smaller than the usual macroscopic objects, but behaving in a manner similar to a single atom. Besides the purely theoretical interest, such systems pose a challenge to the achievement of the ultimate microelectronic applications.
The present volume presents an up-to-date account of the physics, technology and expected applications of quantum effects in solid-state mesoscopic structures. Physical phenomena include the Aharonov-Bohm effect, persistent currents, Coulomb blockade and Coulomb oscillations in single electron devices, Andreev reflections and the Josephson effect in superconductor/normal/superconductor systems, shot noise suppression in microcontacts and contact resistance quantisation, and overall quantum coherence in mesoscopic and nanoscopic structures related to the emerging physics of quantum computation in the solid-state environment.

Preface
Quantum Contacts and Wires
Nonlinear Phenomena in Metallic Contacts
Conductance Channels of Gold Atomic-Size Contacts
Experiments on Conductance at the Atomic Scale
Why does a Metal-Superconductor Junction have a Resistance?
Point-Contact Spectroscopy of Superconductors
Atomic Structure, Quantized Electrical and Thermal Conductance of Nanowires
Magnetotransport and Magnetocohesion in Nanowires
Qoulomb Blockade and the Kondo Problem
Mesoscopic Fluctuations of Co-Tunneling and Kondo Effect in Quantum Dots
Quantum Smearing of Coulomb Blockade
Coulomb Blockade in Single Tunnel Junction Connected to Nanowire and Carbon Nanotube
Transport Through Quantum Dots and the Kondo Problem
Coulomb Blockade in Quantum Dots With Overlapping Resonances
Dephasing and Shot Noise
Dephasing and Shot-Noise in Mesoscopic Systems
Charge Fluctuations and Dephasing in Coulomb Coupled Conductors
Transport and Noise in Multiterminal Diffusive Conductors
Memory Effects in Stochastic Ratchets
Aharonov-Bohm Effect and Vortices
Non-Decaying Currents in Normal Metals
Persistent Current in a Mesoscopic Ring with Strongly Coupled Polarons
Superfluidity and Planar Vortices in Systems with Pairing of Spatially Separated Electrons and Holes
Josephson Effect
Weakly Coupled Macroscopic Quantum Systems: Likeness with Difference
Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena in Josephson Systems
Vortex Confinements Phenomena in Mesoscopic Superconductors
Mesoscopic Superconductivity
Superconducting Nanoparticles and Nanowires
Superconductivity in Ultrasmall Grains: Introduction to Richardson's Exact Solution
Superconductivity in Ultrasmall Metallic Particles
Tunneling Spectroscopy of Metallic Quantum Dots
Quantum Computation
Quantum Computation and Spin Electronics
Decoherence of the Superconducting Persistent Current Qubit
Quantum Computing and Josephson Junction Circuits
Nano-Electronics
Recent Advances in Nanotechnology: An Overview
Quantum Electron Optics and its Applications
Physics and Applications of Photonic Crystals
Conductance in Metallic Submicron Cross-Junctions
Author Index
Citation Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792366263
ISBN-10: 0792366263
Series: NATO Science Series U
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 499
Published: 1st October 2000
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.64
Weight (kg): 0.72