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Punjabi : Descriptive Grammars - Tej K. Bhatia


Descriptive Grammars

Hardcover Published: 22nd July 1993
ISBN: 9780415003209
Number Of Pages: 460

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Punjabi is the language of the Punjab - the land of five rivers - of northern India and Pakistan. Primarily written in three distinct scripts, a unique feature of the language is that, along with Lahanda and the Western Pahari dialects, it is the only modern Indo-European language spoken in South-East Asia which is tonal in nature. It is recognised as one of the several national languages of India and Pakistan, and approximately forty-five million people speak Punjabi as either a first or second language.
This Descriptive Grammar accounts for the linguistic and sociolinguistic properties of Punjabi and Lahanda/Multani. It explores the standard language, giving a comprehensive account of syntax, morphology and phonology. With a descriptive, typological and cognitive examination of the language, this is the most up-to-date, comprehensive and authoritative description of modern Punjabi to date. This volume will be invaluable to students and researchers of linguistic theory and practice.

Key to Abbreviations and symbols
History of the language
Lingua Questionnaire
Chart of Gurmukhi Alphabet
Syntaxp. 1
General Questionsp. 1
Structural Questionsp. 82
Coordinationp. 103
Negationp. 117
Anaphorap. 124
Reflexivesp. 131
Reciprocalsp. 137
Comparisonp. 140
Equativesp. 144
Possessionp. 146
Emphasisp. 148
Topicp. 159
Heavy Shift and Other Movement Rulesp. 160
Minor Sentence Typesp. 161
Operational Definitions of Word Classesp. 162
Morphologyp. 164
Inflectional Morphologyp. 164
Derivational Morphologyp. 279
Phonologyp. 330
Phonological Units (Segmental)p. 330
Phonotacticsp. 338
Suprasegmentalsp. 342
Morphophonologyp. 346
Morphophonology (Suprasegmental)p. 351
Ideophones and Interjectionsp. 352
Ideophonesp. 352
Interjectionsp. 353
Lexiconp. 355
Structured Semantic Fieldsp. 355
Basic Vocabularyp. 362
Appendicesp. 368
Bibliographyp. 398
Indexp. 407
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415003209
ISBN-10: 0415003202
Series: Descriptive Grammars
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 460
Published: 22nd July 1993
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 16.51  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.86
Edition Number: 1