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Pulsars as Astrophysical Laboratories for Nuclear and Particle Physics : Studies in High Energy Physics, Cosmology, and Gravitation - Fridolin Weber

Pulsars as Astrophysical Laboratories for Nuclear and Particle Physics

Studies in High Energy Physics, Cosmology, and Gravitation

Hardcover Published: 1st May 1999
ISBN: 9780750303323
Number Of Pages: 696

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Pulsars, generally accepted to be rotating neutron stars, are dense, neutron-packed remnants of massive stars that blew apart in supernova explosions. They are typically about 10 kilometers across and spin rapidly, often making several hundred rotations per second. Depending on star mass, gravity compresses the matter in the cores of pulsars up to more than ten times the density of ordinary atomic nuclei, thus providing a high-pressure environment in which numerous particle processes, from hyperon population to quark deconfinement to the formation of Boson condensates, may compete with each other. There are theoretical suggestions of even more "exotic" processes inside pulsars, such as the formation of absolutely stable strange quark matter, a configuration of matter even more stable than the most stable atomic nucleus, T56Fe. In the latter event, pulsars would be largely composed of pure quark matter, eventually enveloped in nuclear crust matter.
These features combined with the tremendous recent progress in observational radio and x-ray astronomy make pulsars nearly ideal probes for a wide range of physical studies, complementing the quest of the behavior of superdense matter in terrestrial collider experiments. Written by an eminent author, Pulsars as Astrophysical Laboratories for Nuclear and Particle Physics gives a reliable account of the present status of such research, which naturally is to be performed at the interface between nuclear physics, particle physics, and Einstein's theory of relativity.

"A remarkable reference work covering an enormous range of material from astrophysics to nuclear and particle physics in an interesting and accessible manner. This is a very important contribution to the literture." Anthony W Thomas, University of Adelaide, Australia rkable reference work covering an enormous range of material from astrophysics to nuclear and particle physics in an interesting and accessible manner. This is a very important contribution to the literture." Anthony W Thomas, University of Adelaide, Australia

Preface
Introductionp. 1
Overview of relativistic starsp. 23
Observed neutron star propertiesp. 41
Physics of neutron star matterp. 60
Relativistic field-theoretical description of neutron star matterp. 69
Spectral representation of the two-point Green functionp. 116
Dense matter in the relativistic Hartree and Hartree-Fock approximationsp. 146
Quark-hadron phase transitionp. 193
Ladder approximation in the self-consistent baryon-antibaryon basisp. 203
Partial-wave expansionsp. 220
Dense matter in the relativistic ladder approximationp. 242
Models for the equation of statep. 263
General relativity in a nutshellp. 311
Structure equations of non-rotating starsp. 321
Structure equations of rotating starsp. 358
Criteria for maximum rotationp. 389
Models of rotating neutron starsp. 424
Strange quark matter starsp. 463
Cooling of neutron and strange starsp. 522
A: Notationp. 565
Useful mathematical relationshipsp. 569
Hartree-Fock self-energies at zero temperaturep. 574
Hartree-Fock self-energies at finite temperaturep. 576
Helicity-state matrix elements of boson-exchange interactionsp. 583
Partial-wave expansion of boson-exchange interactionsp. 589
Rotating stars in general relativityp. 605
Quark matter at finite temperaturep. 638
Models of rotating relativistic neutron stars of selected massesp. 643
Equations of state in tabular formp. 649
Referencesp. 650
Indexp. 674
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780750303323
ISBN-10: 0750303328
Series: Studies in High Energy Physics, Cosmology, and Gravitation
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 696
Published: 1st May 1999
Publisher: INST OF PHYSICS PUB
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.33 x 16.38  x 4.24
Weight (kg): 1.38
Edition Number: 1