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Public-Private Collaboration in Agricultural Research : New Institutional Arrangements and Economic Implications - Keith O. Fuglie

Public-Private Collaboration in Agricultural Research

New Institutional Arrangements and Economic Implications

Hardcover Published: 16th February 2000
ISBN: 9780813827896
Number Of Pages: 354

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Historically the United States has looked to the publicly funded agricultural research institutions at the Department of Agriculture and land-grant universities as the primary sources of new agricultural science and technology.

However, during the past several decades wide-reaching changes have taken place in the structure of the U.S. agricultural research system. One significant development is the growing capacity of the private sector for conducting agricultural research. In fact, private companies now spend more on agricultural research than public research institutions. The private sector is also the most rapidly growing source of funds for public research.

In addition, new technology transfer mechanisms have been established to increase the flow of science and technology among public and private research laboratories, including cooperative research agreements, research consortia, and greater use of intellectual property rights and patent licensing.

The agricultural research system has not escaped the forces of globalization, as sources and flows of agricultural science and technology become increasingly international in scope. These changes have important implications for how research in the U.S. is financed, who conducts it, the type of technology that is developed, and who is likely to benefit from it.

Forewordp. vii
List of Tablesp. ix
List of Figuresp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introduction
Overview of the Volumep. 3
Innovations in Financing Agricultural Research
Trends in Agricultural Research Expenditures in the United Statesp. 9
Financing Agricultural RandD in Rich Countries: What's Happening and Whyp. 25
Financing Agricultural Research with Prior Distortionary Taxes and Subsidiesp. 55
Public and Private Investments in Plant and Animal Research
A National Strategy for Plant Breeding in the United Statesp. 77
The Role of Federal, State, and Private Institutions in Seed Technology Generationp. 99
Public and Private Investments in Animal Researchp. 117
Institutions for Public-Private Collaboration in Agricultural Research
The CRADA Model for Public-Private Research and Technology Transfer in Agriculturep. 155
The Research Consortium Model for Agricultural Researchp. 175
State Agricultural Experiment Stations and Intellectual Property Rightsp. 199
International Spillovers in Agricultural Research
Agricultural Technology Spilloversp. 219
Significance of International Spillovers from Public Agricultural Researchp. 245
The Private Sector and International Technology Transfer in Agriculturep. 269
Assessing U.S. Benefits of Training Foreign Agricultural Scientistsp. 301
Conclusion
Public-Private Collaboration in Agricultural Research: The Futurep. 325
Contributorsp. 335
Indexp. 343
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813827896
ISBN-10: 0813827892
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 354
Published: 16th February 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.49  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.61
Edition Number: 1

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